Lyme Not Propelled by Climate Change

Recently, a plethora of books and articles have come out on how climate change is driving Lyme disease, and in fact, a recent article by The Center for Public Integrity, flat out accuses Maine’s governor, who happens to be a climate skeptic, of tying health officials’ hands and personally impeding valuable tick borne illness research:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/08/09/why-the-cpis-article-on-how-a-climate-skeptic-is-holding-up-tick-borne-illness-research-is-dead-wrong/.

It has become clear to many that there is a Pied Piper pushing a climate change agenda.

Standing in opposition to the flutist’s tune, a recent study shows that warm winters are lethal to I. scapularis (black-legged) ticks.  In fact, overwinter survival dropped to 33% when the snow melted.  This has been substantiated by other researchers as well.  Scott & Scott, 2018, ticks and climate change, JVSM

The short of it is that snow cover is vital for tick survival as it serves as a buffer for when ticks find themselves exposed.  Typically ticks will seek out and hide in snow or leaf litter when conditions become harsh.  Without this buffer they are exposed and fewer survive.

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“Tick Guy” Tom Mather shows how ticks survive 3 degrees in 24 hours with snow cover.

The flutists insist that global warming, climate change, and pollution are the reasons for the spread of ticks and Lyme disease.  Independent tick researcher John Scott states those hypotheses are unsubstantiated.

Scott offers that yearly bidirectional, songbird migration in spring and fall is behind tick expansion and that the climate change model actually reflects migratory flight not warmer futuristic temperatures.

An Acadian Flycatcher with larval neotropical ticks.  (Courtesy Tim Guida)

One of Scott’s studies found 35% of song-bird transported I. scapularis nymphs to be infected with B burgdorferi (Bb).  Further, these heavily tick infested migrating song-birds can start new foci of ticks on islands and remote mainland areas.

Birds are serving as transport systems for ticks and are spreading them all over the world.

The other crucial but overlooked factor climate change researchers have not been considering is something called photoperiod.

Evidently, ticks have sensory organs that monitor the external environment which includes light.  Light wavelength as well as intensity will make the difference from if and when a nymph will molt and if and when an engorged female will lay eggs.

In a nutshell, light (photoperiod) has much more of an impact on ticks than temperature.

Scott’s in-house tick studies have shown that black-legged ticks require 14 hours of daylight to molt.  If ticks can’t molt, they can’t move on to their next life-cycle.  Photoperiod is innate and can not be altered by the climate.  He states:

“The hypothesis that I. scapularis ticks will expand further north in the Prairie Provinces because of climate change is not only unscientific, but deceiving.”

He demonstrates this by noting that I. scapularis ticks are not established in the Neotropics where the temperature is warmer.  The reason for this is the photoperiod is balanced between night and day.  In other words, the ticks have less light than they need to molt.

The study points out that both ticks and spirochetes are ecoadaptive survivors as demonstrated by the fact borrelial spirochetes have survived for thousands of years https://www.utoronto.ca/news/u-t-researchers-find-ancient-iceman-s-infection-helps-lyme-disease-bone-loss-discovery,  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/02/12/the-persistent-spiral-the-ancient-history-of-lyme-disease-and-tick-borne-infections/, and so have infected ticks:  http://www.sci-news.com/paleontology/blood-engorged-tick-dominican-amber-04757.html  (This one infected with a Babesia species).  This survival demonstrates adaptation to any potential climate shifts.

Another problem with the climate change models is they overlook the fact that deer ticks were established in northwestern Ontario, southern Manitoba and were already in central Canada prior to 1970.  What they predict to happen in the future has already happened in Canada.  Their oversight caused a skewed rate of tick expansion and a miscalculation of northward projected movement.

“For blacklegged ticks, climate change is an apocryphal issue.” -John Scott

The study states that another problem is the over-emphasis on white-footed mice:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2016/06/21/first-frankenbugs-now-frankinmice/.  Scott has shown that there are established populations of deer ticks in Manitoba as well as in insular, hyper-endemic Corkscrew Island, yet both are devoid of white-footed mice.  He points out that there are numerous reservoir hosts that must be considered including other mammals, birds, and reptiles.

For decades we’ve been told it’s the mice.  Yet a real problem in the West and South are reptiles like skinks and lizards:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/12/03/biologists-at-sf-state-dig-into-ticks-and-ld/,  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/06/25/the-confounding-geography-of-lyme-disease-in-the-u-s/

Another problem with the climate change insistence is study time vs. deer tick establishment.  The progression of studies used by some researchers follows the order in which they were conducted not the result and progression of climate change, and just because U.S. studies start in the early 80’s does not mean that was when ticks were established.  As noted before, ticks and spirochetes have both been found in fossils, obviously long before the 80’s.  This demonstrates climate adaptability.

“The time-lapse model sharply conflicts with the actual areas designated as Lyme disease foci.  Such models contradict field data, and misrepresent the Lyme disease timeline of tick establishment in Canada.”  – John Scott

Also, climate-change researchers overlooked and did not take into account established populations of I. scapularis found in the late 1960’s in the upper Midwest, as well as at Manitoba in 1991, in their climate change model maps.  Even game hunters remember ticks on the heads and necks of deer in the 1950’s and 1960’s in northwestern Ontario and southern Manitoba.  The faulty climate change maps are devoid of any ticks in those areas – yet experience shows otherwise.  This has been the experience of patients across the globe as well.

The study states that migratory song-birds transport black-legged tick larvae and nymphs hundreds of kilometers during northward migratory flights and are important drivers for wide-spread dispersal not only of ticks but of tick-associated pathogens.  

This is shown by the fact that neotropical songbirds are transporting ticks from Brazil into Canada.  Neotropical Amblyomma ticks do not overwinter in Canada yet they are being transported there.  Birds are also transporting Ixodes spp. ticks as well.  Scott claims if there was any substance to climate warming in propagating ticks the Amblyomma americium (lone star tick) would have become established in the southernmost part of Ontario, but they haven’t.

Thankfully others are studying the bird component as well:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/08/17/of-birds-and-ticks/https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2016/10/02/the-role-of-birds-in-tickborne-illness/,  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/07/09/infected-ticks-collected-from-birds-in-northern-italy/,  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/08/12/bbsl-infected-ticks-in-canadian-songbirds/,  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/06/08/hemorrhagic-fever-virus-found-on-ticks-on-migratory-birds/.

In sum,

  • certain researchers are predicting a spread of LD due to climate change
  • independent tick research John Scott says these are “spurious and unsubstantiated” contentions
  • birds, not weather, are propagating the spread of ticks and disease
  • transmission depends on whether a tick is infected and whether the tick has vector competence
  • during bad weather ticks adapt by finding cover
  • warmer temperatures actually reduce tick populations
  • temperature and precipitation has no bearing on tick abundance
  • climate change alarmists have used Canadian studies making 1970 their benchmark for models but didn’t take into account established tick populations that had already been in existence for decades, centuries, or even millennia at northern latitudes
  • regarding ticks, climate change is insignificant

Scott JD, Scott CM. Lyme Disease Propelled by Borrelia burgdorferi-infected Blacklegged Ticks, Wild Birds, and Public Awareness – Not Climate Change. J Veter Sci Med 6(1):8 (2018)  Scott & Scott, 2018, ticks and climate change, JVSM

For an interview with Scott:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/08/14/canadian-tick-expert-climate-change-is-not-behind-lyme-disease/

“The climate change range expansion model is what the authorities have been using to rationalize how they have done nothing for more than thirty years. It’s a huge cover-up scheme that goes back to the 1980’s. The grandiose scheme was a nefarious plot to let doctors off the hook from having to deal with this debilitating disease. I caught onto it very quickly. Most people have been victims of it ever since.  This climate change ‘theory’ is all part of a well-planned scheme. Even the ticks are smarter than the people who’ve concocted this thing.  Climate change has nothing to do with tick movement. Blacklegged ticks are ecoadaptive, and tolerate wide temperature fluctuations…..It’s all a red herring to divert your attention.”- John Scott

And in conclusion, climate change data has not and will not help Lyme/MSIDS patients and/or the doctors who treat them. Time to hunker down and get to work spending money and backing research that relieves human suffering.

 Approx. 2 hours  (The audio is soft so turn your volume up)

Dr. Robert E. Coleman, Jr. ND, LMT practices integrative medicine, environmental toxicology, and naturopathic physiatry. He began his life’s journey in Los Angeles, California where his passion for humanity, science, and technological innovation excelled.

He is an accomplished graduate of Bastyr University’s Naturopathic Medical School in Seattle, Washington. He has received advanced training in IV therapies, physical medicine, primary care, and integrated pain management.

Dr. Coleman is the president of the Wisconsin Naturopathic Doctors Association (WNDA) and active member of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP).

He has proven himself through exceedingly challenging medical cases. He has collaborates with integrated physicians, surgeons, chiropractors, and other alternative medicine practitioners to reengineer a patient-centered approach to health care. Dr. Coleman continues to establish himself and encourages other primary care trained naturopathic doctors to practice in the state of Wisconsin. He perceives every moment in life to be a learning experience and blessing that he is most often able to incorporate into practice.

Dr. Coleman participates in seminars, grand rounds, continuing medical education, webinars, and conferences in order to continuously enrich his clinical knowledge.

This lengthy presentation covers many topics but primarily treatment options for tick borne illnesses.  Dr. Coleman treats each individual differently depending upon what infections they have, what imbalances are present, and what immune issues they are dealing with.

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/jul/25/the-bleeding-edge-netflix-documentary-medical-devices#medicaldevices

The Bleeding Edge: behind the terrifying new Netflix documentary

The $400bn medical device industry is exposed in a horrifying look at a string of products that have wreaked havoc on patients

The Bleeding Edge

The Bleeding Edge. Photograph: Netflix

A terrifying new documentary carries a stark warning that a nightmare has been lurking in the medical industry for decades and it might be in your body.

The Bleeding Edge, which premieres on Netflix, examines the $400bn medical device industry responsible for products such as hip implants and robotic surgeons, through the lens of five products that have wreaked havoc on the lives of thousands.

“A wide range of people know about the problems with pharmaceuticals, but very few people know about the medical device industry and the fact that it is even less regulated than pharmaceuticals,” director Kirby Dick told the Guardian. “We felt it was very important that the public, doctors and policymakers know about this because right now medical device companies can get away with just about anything.”

Stephen Tower, an orthopedic doctor profiled in the film, had developed a tremor and was having a hard time thinking when he decided to scrawl all over the walls and ceiling of a hotel room during a medical conference, eventually using soap as ink.

Tower, his friends and family knew he was in the throes of mental health crisis, but no one was sure why. So, Tower studied himself until he found the answer in a blood and urine sample: his levels of cobalt, a metal used in rechargeable batteries, were more than a hundred times higher than normal.

Tower thought it might be related to his metal-on-metal hip replacement and had it redone. On the operating table, his surgeon found metal sludge seeping from the device before it was removed. “Within a month I had an incredible recovery in terms of my psychologic symptoms and ability to think,” Tower said.

Tower said he would never have believed neurological problems could come from orthopedic devices, if it wasn’t for that experience, and now tests the cobalt levels of his patients if they complain of having Parkinson’s or dementia-like symptoms.

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Hundreds of thousands of people in the world may have been exposed to toxic metals from “metal on metal” hip implants, according to a 2012 joint investigation by the British Medical Journal and BBC Newsnight.

“If we can’t change the laws and we can’t convince companies to put moral issues above profits, then all of us really have to be vigilant,” said The Bleeding Edge’s producer, Amy Ziering. “My great hope is you watch this film and then you are really, really, really careful and ask a lot of questions and do a lot of research.”

A number of factors are responsible for the catastrophes captured in the film, but the documentary lasers in on the FDA’s 510(k) pathway for approving medical devices.

To approve a prescription drug, medicine must be tested in humans, the manufacturer must compile data on its effects and a panel of FDA scientists must give it final approval.

The same process is not required for medical devices. Those can be approved if the manufacturer demonstrates that it is equivalent to a device on the market – even if the device it is being compared to has been recalled.

“Even if we take these five devices that we focus on the film off, the problem isn’t solved,” warned Ziering. “It’s a system that needs to be much more vigilantly regulated.”

Despite the frightening situations depicted in The Bleeding Edge, portraits of hope come from people fighting back.

A week before the film was released, Bayer announced it would stop selling one of the devices targeted in the film: Essure, a coiled birth control implant that is inserted into the fallopian tubes through the uterus.

Women in the film who had the implant complain of persistent pain, bleeding and unintended pregnancies. They include Gaby Avina, a former spokeswoman for the device who had taken part in the original clinical trial for Essure. She said her health deteriorated after being implanted with the device.

On Friday afternoon last week, Bayer announced it would stop selling Essure at the end of 2018.

Bayer emphasized it decided to stop selling Essure for “business reasons”. The company said several factors had made it less popular among US women, including “inaccurate and misleading publicity about the device”.

As The Bleeding Edge depicts, that bad publicity has been driven largely by tens of thousands of women gathered in the Essure Problems Facebook group.

These women stage protests at medical conferences and Bayer’s headquarters (including one earlier this month) and hold in-person support groups for women who believe they have been harmed by the device.

Ziering and Dick said they were elated to see the product would no longer be sold less than one week before The Bleeding Edge’s release.

“It’s really a tribute to all the women and all the work they’ve done,” Dick said. “It’s also a tribute to the power of documentary.”

But this success is not enough for either film-maker and they hope the public, lawmakers and medical community will push for change in the industry.

Dick said: “Millions of people have been harmed by medical devices and millions more will if nothing is done.”

  • The Bleeding Edge will be available on Netflix on 27 July
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**Comment**
Many Lyme/MSIDS patients require hip and knee replacements.  Do your homework.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/30044388/

Far-Reaching Dispersal of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato-Infected Blacklegged Ticks by Migratory Songbirds in Canada.

Scott JD, et al. Healthcare (Basel). 2018.

Abstract

Lyme disease has been documented in northern areas of Canada, but the source of the etiological bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) has been in doubt. We collected 87 ticks from 44 songbirds during 2017, and 24 (39%) of 62 nymphs of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, were positive for Bbsl. We provide the first report of Bbsl-infected, songbird-transported I. scapularis in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; Newfoundland and Labrador; north-central Manitoba, and Alberta. Notably, we report the northernmost account of Bbsl-infected ticks parasitizing a bird in Canada. DNA extraction, PCR amplification, and DNA sequencing reveal that these Bbsl amplicons belong to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (Bbss), which is pathogenic to humans. Based on our findings, health-care providers should be aware that migratory songbirds widely disperse B. burgdorferi-infected I. scapularis in Canada’s North, and local residents do not have to visit an endemic area to contract Lyme disease.

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**Comment**

Second posting today of infected ticks being in places they supposedly shouldn’t be.  I think we need to truly accept the fact Lyme/MSIDS is everywhere.  Make sure you spread the word to medical practitioners, your family and friends – and frankly anyone who will listen.

https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/06/07/where-ticks-are-and-what-they-carry-science-conversation-with-dr-cameron/  Infected ticks found in unlikely places including beaches.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/30044211/

Increasing Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto-Infected Blacklegged Ticks in Tennessee Valley, Tennessee, USA.

Hickling GJ, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018.

Abstract

In 2017, we surveyed forests in the upper Tennessee Valley, Tennessee, USA. We found Ixodes scapularis ticks established in 23 of 26 counties, 4 of which had Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto-infected ticks. Public health officials should be vigilant for increasing Lyme disease incidence in this region.

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**Comment**

Another study showing infected ticks in places most don’t suspect and the importance of spreading the word.  I pray long gone are the days when a doc stares at a CDC map and announces it can’t be Lyme because it doesn’t exist in their state.

https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2018/06/07/where-ticks-are-and-what-they-carry-science-conversation-with-dr-cameron/  Infected ticks are virtually everywhere. 

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/30040309/

Acute abdominal pain caused by neuroborreliosis

Dobbe ASM, et al. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2018.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is a multisystem disease which can present itself in several ways. When the nervous system is involved, it is called Lyme neuroborreliosis. Both central and peripheral nervous systems can be affected.

CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old man visited the emergency department multiple times with severe abdominal-pain attacks with motoric unrest. Extensive diagnostic work-up was done, which was initially inconclusive. Lyme neuroborreliosis was suspected when he developed a facial-nerve palsy during admission; the abdominal pain was thought to be caused by thoracic radiculoneuropathy. Serologic testing for antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi was positive, confirming the diagnosis. The patient was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone.

CONCLUSION: This case shows abdominal pain being caused by radiculoneuropathy at thoracic level, an uncommon presentation of Lyme neuroborreliosis. Often, this diagnosis is only made when neurological paralysis occurs. Information regarding skin lesions or a recent tick bite can lead to earlier recognition of the diagnosis.

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**Comment**

Key statement:  “Often this diagnosis is only made when neurological paralysis occurs.”

How often does that happen?

So all the other sorry suckers who don’t get neurological paralysis won’t be diagnosed.  See why they call this “uncommon” or “rare?”

Until clinicians learn and study the widely variable symptoms and pretty much keep Lyme/MSIDS in the back of their minds at all times, it’s Russian Roulette out here regarding diagnosis.  You may win or you may get the bullet.

I wish I could even count the Lyme/MSIDS patients with “severe abdominal-pain” and “unrest!”  Let’s just say there’s a lot of them!

Radiculonerophathy is when Lyme (borrelia) infects a spinal nerve root and in this patient’s case it was in the thoracic region which gave him abdominal pain.  It all depends upon what nerves are affected.  It could be anywhere.  Extrapolate this throughout the entire spine and you begin to see why thousands of patients are slipping through the cracks.

Under “Neurologic involvement,”  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/330178-clinical   “Acute radiculoneuritis is reported in 50-85% of cases. Acute onset of motor deficits, severe radicular pain, and sensory loss are commonly seen after 2-4 weeks of infection. Multifocal asymmetric weakness is a common presentation. Although the presentation of inflammatory radiculoneuropathy is often indistinguishable from that of spinal-root compression, involvement of multiple dermatomes in the thorax and a lack of a precipitating injury can aid in diagnosis.”

I don’t think 50-80% of cases is rare, do you?

BTW:  please keep in mind a person can jump throughout the 3 stages of Lyme at at time.  So this idea you have to be infected for weeks to have radiculoneuritis is asinine an unscientific.  Quit saying it.

To understand the Lyme (borrelia) organism better:  https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2016/02/13/lyme-disease-treatment/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/30037148/

Co-Infection Patterns in Individual Ixodes scapularis Ticks Reveal Associations between Viral, Eukaryotic and Bacterial Microorganisms.

Cross ST, et al. Viruses. 2018.

Abstract

Ixodes scapularis ticks harbor a variety of microorganisms, including eukaryotes, bacteria and viruses. Some of these can be transmitted to and cause disease in humans and other vertebrates. Others are not pathogenic, but may impact the ability of the tick to harbor and transmit pathogens. A growing number of studies have examined the influence of bacteria on tick vector competence but the influence of the tick virome remains less clear, despite a surge in the discovery of tick-associated viruses.

In this study, we performed shotgun RNA sequencing on 112 individual adult I. scapularis collected in Wisconsin, USA. We characterized the abundance, prevalence and co-infection rates of viruses, bacteria and eukaryotic microorganisms.

We identified pairs of tick-infecting microorganisms whose observed co-infection rates were higher or lower than would be expected, or whose RNA levels were positively correlated in co-infected ticks. Many of these co-occurrence and correlation relationships involved two bunyaviruses, South Bay virus and blacklegged tick phlebovirus-1. These viruses were also the most prevalent microorganisms in the ticks we sampled, and had the highest average RNA levels.

Evidence of associations between microbes included a positive correlation between RNA levels of South Bay virus and Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease agent. These findings contribute to the rationale for experimental studies on the impact of viruses on tick biology and vector competence.

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**Eukaryotes are protozoans or parasites which includes worms (nematodes/helminths)**

Mainstream medicine has yet to take into account the synergistic effect of all of the pathogens found within a tick upon human suffering.  So far they continue to believe this is a one pathogen/one disease/one drug paradigm, hence the mono-therapy of doxycycline as their answer to this 21st century plague.

Until this changes, we are doomed.