Archive for the ‘Prevention’ Category

Tick Prevention 2019

Tick Prevention 2019

It’s that time.  

Similar to Lyme/MSIDS treatment, tick prevention is a multi-pronged effort and includes protecting yourself, your yard, and your pets.  

How to protect yourself


Dress for success:  Research has shown permethrin treated clothing causes ticks to drop off or renders them unable to bite:

  • wear light colored clothing
  • tuck pants into socks
  • wear a long-sleeved shirt and tuck into pants
  • wear a hat
  • wear shoes & socks
  • spray or soak all of it with permethrin. Permethrin is not recommended for the skin. You can also purchase pre-treated clothing. Wisconsin Lyme Network (WLN) is selling socks. Proceeds go toward training WI doctors:
  • Spray exposed skin with DEET or picaridin. Picaridin is less toxic and approved for kids. For instance the top 3 scores for repelling deer ticks was: pump spray Sawyer Picaridin 20% which lasted 8.5 hours, aerosol Ben’s 30% Deet Tick and Insect Wilderness which also lasted 8.5 hours, and pump spray Repel Lemon Eucalyptus which lasted 7 hours. Please know that “natural” products using things like essential oils have NOT been proven to repel ticks.  Go here to learn more:
  • stay in the middle of trails
  • when returning indoors, dry clothing on high heat for at least 10 min. Washing clothes will not kill ticks. High heat will.
  • take a shower and do a tick check. Have someone else look on your back and back of head.
  • If an embedded tick is found, remove it promptly by using a pointy tick removal tweezer. Get as close to the mouthpart as possible and pull steadily straight up without squeezing or twisting. Do not touch the tick with bare hands. Put in ziplock freezer bag and put in freezer you plan on having it tested. Remember; however, testing isn’t 100% accurate and you will not want to wait for results if you’ve been bitten. Your doctor should treat you prophylactially. It’s not worth the risk of infection. http://
  • be vigilant and educate others
  • For a video put out by Wisconsin DHS:  http://
  • Great video on how to educate kids on how to be tick smart http://

How to protect your yard

baseyardSOURCE: TickEncounter Resource Center. For an interactive map:

  • Do not invite wildlife: There are numerous things you can do to discourage wildlife from your yard. Don’t put food outside, including bird feeders. Birds are probably the #1 transporters of ticks. Plant undesirable plants. Install fencing. Apply deer repellents. Clean up brush and leaves, and move woodpiles away from daily activity.
  • Spray your yard or use granules: Target areas where ticks live as well as perennial beds and along trails and paths in wooded areas. Normally, treatment is not needed in open and sunny lawns with short grass (although there are exceptions!).  http://
  • Eliminate Tick Habitat: ticks love wooded, shady areas that are humid. Rake leaves, trim shrubs and trees, and treat border areas, stone walls, sheds, and wood piles. Creating borders of wood chips or stone will remind you of tick-risky areas and danger zones. They particularly like Japanese Barberry, honeysuckle, and buckthorn: From experience I’ve learned not to use natural stone for landscape walls. Chipmunks burrow into the crevices bringing loads of ticks with them. I will only use interlocking stone now.     

5456904Remove Japanese Barberry, honeysuckle, and buckthorns

  • Target mice & rodents: Since ticks become infected by feeding on reservoir animals such as mice, chipmunks, squirrels, and deer, targeting these animals will help reduce the tick population. Ticktubes are tubes filled with permethrin treated cotton balls you place in rodent accessible areas so they will take the cotton back to their nests and they will rub their bodies against the treated cotton. Ticks feeding on the mice are then killed by the insecticide. Studies have shown risk to be reduced by 97% when using tick tubes. More info on how many you need for the size of your yard, etc.:


How to Protect your pets


  • Contain your pets: The easiest way to protect your pets is to keep them away from ticks, by create a safe zone. This can be done by using fencing (solid or invisible) and or putting them on a chain where they can only go in certain areas.
  • Groom pets:  Keep hair short to be able to identify ticks quickly. Brush hair and remove any ticks before bringing pets into the house.
  • Keep pets off all furniture and never let them into your bed.
  • Apply Tick control products on pets.  For an excellent example of products: There is a Lyme vaccine for dogs; however, it can cause Lyme disease symptoms just as the failed Lymerix vaccine did on humans. Cats also need tick protectionMake sure to discuss options with you veterinarian as they are educated with current information. Read all labels from products carefully.
  • Some tick facts: http://
  • More tick facts: http://



An Abysmal Study on Ticks & Grass Length

Please see my comment after article.

Think the tick threat grows with the grass? Not necessarily!

April 3, 2019
USDA Forest Service – Northern Research Station
Scientists report on their quest to get to the bottom of a common assumption about the urban landscape: ticks like long grass. In 144 tick drags in 16 suburban lawns in Springfield, Mass., researchers looking at mowing frequency and native bees did not find a single tick.

In a study published in the journal PLOS ONE, USDA Forest Service researchers Susannah Lerman and Vince D’Amico report on their quest to get to the bottom of a common assumption about the urban landscape: ticks such as the blacklegged tick (pictured) like long grass.  Credit: Vince D’Amico, USDA Forest Service

When Susannah Lerman talked with fellow researchers and friends about her study of the effects of less frequent lawn mowing to improve habitat for native bees, the response she heard most had nothing to do with bees.

“The first thing people said was that letting the grass get longer would invite ticks,” said Lerman, a research ecologist with the USDA Forest Service’s Northern Research Station. “It was clear that before we could make the case for promoting lawns as bee habitat, we had to understand the tick risk.”

In a study published today in the journal PLOS ONE, Lerman and her Northern Research Station colleague, Research Entomologist Vince D’Amico, report on their quest to get to the bottom of a common assumption about the urban landscape: ticks like long grass. As part of a study to evaluate whether less frequent lawn mowing in residential lawns in Springfield, Mass., could promote floral resources and hence, serve as viable habitat for native bees, Lerman and her partners surveyed for blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis, also known as deer ticks) as well as bees every three weeks. In 16 suburban Springfield lawns over the course of two summers, Lerman and colleagues documented 111 bee species, which equates to roughly one-quarter of all bees documented in Massachusetts. As for blacklegged ticks? In 144 tick drags in lawns of various lawn mowing frequencies and grass heights, Lerman and her colleagues found not a single one.

“There are obvious limitations to this study in terms of establishing the risk of ticks,” Lerman said. “We sampled for a single species of tick, and our study was limited to 16 residential lawns in a single city. Still, our study has two significant take-aways: you do not necessarily invite ticks if you mow the lawn every other week instead of every week, and common assumptions about nature are always worth investigating; scientists may be surprised by what we find.

Blacklegged ticks are notorious as carriers of Lyme disease, a tick-borne infection with significant human health risks that is prevalent in the Northeast. While blacklegged ticks are no doubt lurking in people’s yards, D’Amico said that the grassy part of a property is probably too dry for the tick.

“This species needs near 100 percent humidity for at least part of the day,” D’Amico said. “Where we have leaf litter, the ticks do very well.”

In the United States, an estimated 40 million acres of residential lawn managed by homeowners, businesses, government agencies and cemeteries have the potential to become habitat for beleaguered native bee species, if people can put aside a very reasonable fear and loathing of ticks. In this study, Lerman and her team found good reason to do so.

Story Source:

Materials provided by USDA Forest Service – Northern Research Station. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. Susannah B. Lerman, Vincent D’Amico. Lawn mowing frequency in suburban areas has no detectable effect on Borrelia spp. vector Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). PLOS ONE, 2019; 14 (4): e0214615 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214615



I love bees, don’t get me wrong but there is a ton of data showing that ticks like humidity and seek out leaf litter, snow, or anything that will keep them from drying out.  This study, in hopes of helping bees, is quite premature regarding the effects on ticks.  Sampling for one one species of tick was a huge mistake, and to put information out like this gives people a false sense of security when ticks are a real risk.  Other states are finding different results:

In this study we find the most ticks –


This is a scary thought for all the Wisconsin youth playing sports outside.  I would hesitate to say that nearly EVERY soccer field in WI has a woodline close by!

Regardless of grass length, pet owners have nearly 2 times the risk of finding ticks:

My advice:  keep your grass short, don’t invite wildlife into your yard, spray an acaricide, treat ALL pets, and wear permethrin treated clothing while doing any and all yard work.  It’s not worth the risk!  For more prevention ideas:

Treat yourself, pets, and yard – period, and throw this study into the trash.

Please remember the climate has nothing to do with this and ticks are ecoadaptive.  When conditions are harsh they climb under leaf litter and snow:

Let’s not cut our nose off despite our face.  Protect yourself and your family from ticks.



Cochrane Review – Probiotics Reduce C-diff By 70% in High Risk Patients Taking Antibiotics

Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile‐associated diarrhea in adults and children



Antibiotics can disturb gastrointestinal microbiota which may lead to reduced resistance to pathogens such as Clostridium difficile (C. difficile). Probiotics are live microbial preparations that, when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit to the host, and are a potential C. difficile prevention strategy. Recent clinical practice guidelines do not recommend probiotic prophylaxis, even though probiotics have the highest quality evidence among cited prophylactic therapies.


To assess the efficacy and safety of probiotics for preventing C.difficile‐associated diarrhea (CDAD) in adults and children.

Search methods

We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Register from inception to 21 March 2017. Additionally, we conducted an extensive grey literature search.

Selection criteria

Randomized controlled (placebo, alternative prophylaxis, or no treatment control) trials investigating probiotics (any strain, any dose) for prevention of CDAD, or C. difficile infection were considered for inclusion.

Data collection and analysis

Two authors (independently and in duplicate) extracted data and assessed risk of bias. The primary outcome was the incidence of CDAD. Secondary outcomes included detection of C. difficile infection in stool, adverse events, antibiotic‐associated diarrhea (AAD) and length of hospital stay. Dichotomous outcomes (e.g. incidence of CDAD) were pooled using a random‐effects model to calculate the risk ratio (RR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). We calculated the number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) where appropriate. Continuous outcomes (e.g. length of hospital stay) were pooled using a random‐effects model to calculate the mean difference and corresponding 95% CI. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to explore the impact of missing data on efficacy and safety outcomes. For the sensitivity analyses, we assumed that the event rate for those participants in the control group who had missing data was the same as the event rate for those participants in the control group who were successfully followed. For the probiotic group, we calculated effects using the following assumed ratios of event rates in those with missing data in comparison to those successfully followed: 1.5:1, 2:1, 3:1, and 5:1. To explore possible explanations for heterogeneity, a priori subgroup analyses were conducted on probiotic species, dose, adult versus pediatric population, and risk of bias as well as a post hoc subgroup analysis on baseline risk of CDAD (low 0% to 2%; moderate 3% to 5%; high > 5%). The overall quality of the evidence supporting each outcome was independently assessed using the GRADE criteria.

Main results

Thirty‐nine studies (9955 participants) met the eligibility requirements for our review. Overall, 27 studies were rated as either high or unclear risk of bias. A complete case analysis (i.e. participants who completed the study) among trials investigating CDAD (31 trials, 8672 participants) suggests that probiotics reduce the risk of CDAD by 60%. The incidence of CDAD was 1.5% (70/4525) in the probiotic group compared to 4.0% (164/4147) in the placebo or no treatment control group (RR 0.40, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.52; GRADE = moderate). Twenty‐two of 31 trials had missing CDAD data ranging from 2% to 45%. Our complete case CDAD results proved robust to sensitivity analyses of plausible and worst‐plausible assumptions regarding missing outcome data and results were similar whether considering subgroups of trials in adults versus children, inpatients versus outpatients, different probiotic species, lower versus higher doses of probiotics, or studies at high versus low risk of bias. However, in a post hoc analysis, we did observe a subgroup effect with respect to baseline risk of developing CDAD. Trials with a baseline CDAD risk of 0% to 2% and 3% to 5% did not show any difference in risk but trials enrolling participants with a baseline risk of > 5% for developing CDAD demonstrated a large 70% risk reduction (interaction P value = 0.01). Among studies with a baseline risk > 5%, the incidence of CDAD in the probiotic group was 3.1% (43/1370) compared to 11.6% (126/1084) in the control group (13 trials, 2454 participants; RR 0.30, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.42; GRADE = moderate). With respect to detection of C. difficile in the stool pooled complete case results from 15 trials (1214 participants) did not show a reduction in infection rates. C. difficile infection was 15.5% (98/633) in the probiotics group compared to 17.0% (99/581) in the placebo or no treatment control group (RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.67 to 1.10; GRADE = moderate). Adverse events were assessed in 32 studies (8305 participants) and our pooled complete case analysis indicates probiotics reduce the risk of adverse events by 17% (RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.71 to 0.97; GRADE = very low). In both treatment and control groups the most common adverse events included abdominal cramping, nausea, fever, soft stools, flatulence, and taste disturbance.

Authors’ conclusions

Based on this systematic review and meta‐analysis of 31 randomized controlled trials including 8672 patients, moderate certainty evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for preventing CDAD (NNTB = 42 patients, 95% CI 32 to 58). Our post hoc subgroup analyses to explore heterogeneity indicated that probiotics are effective among trials with a CDAD baseline risk >5% (NNTB = 12; moderate certainty evidence), but not among trials with a baseline risk ≤5% (low to moderate certainty evidence). Although adverse effects were reported among 32 included trials, there were more adverse events among patients in the control groups. The short‐term use of probiotics appears to be safe and effective when used along with antibiotics in patients who are not immunocompromised or severely debilitated. Despite the need for further research, hospitalized patients, particularly those at high risk of CDAD, should be informed of the potential benefits and harms of probiotics.


What is Clostridium difficile‐associated diarrhea?

Antibiotics are among the most prescribed medications worldwide. Antibiotic treatment may disturb the balance of organisms that normally populate the gut. This can result in a range of symptoms, most notably, diarrhea. Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a particularly dangerous organism that may colonize the gut if the normal healthy balance has been disturbed. Clostridium difficile‐related disease varies from asymptomatic infection, diarrhea, colitis, and pseudo‐membranous colitis to toxic megacolon and death. The cost of treatment is expensive and the financial burden on the medical system is substantial.

What are probiotics?

Probiotics are live organisms (bacteria or yeast) thought to improve the balance of organisms that populate the gut, counteracting potential disturbances to the gut microbial balance that are associated with antibiotic use, and reducing the risk of colonization by pathogenic bacteria. Probiotics can be found in dietary supplements or yogurts and are becoming increasingly available as capsules sold in health food stores and supermarkets. As ‘functional food’ or ‘good bacteria’, probiotics have been suggested as a means of both preventing and treating C. difficile‐associated diarrhea (CDAD).

What did the researchers investigate?

The researchers investigated whether probiotics prevent CDAD in adults and children receiving antibiotic therapy and whether probiotics causes any harms (side effects). The researchers searched the medical literature extensively up to 21 March 2017.

What did the researchers find?

This review includes 39 randomized trials with a total of 9955 participants. Thirty‐one studies (8672 participants) assessed the effectiveness of probiotics for preventing CDAD among participants taking antibiotics. Our results suggest that when probiotics are given with antibiotics the risk of developing CDAD is reduced by 60% on average. Among trials enrolling participants at high risk of developing CDAD (> 5%), the potential benefit of probiotics is more pronounced with a 70% risk reduction on average. Side effects were assessed in 32 studies (8305 participants) and our results suggest that taking probiotics does not increase the risk of developing side effects. The most common side effects reported in these studies include abdominal cramping, nausea, fever, soft stools, flatulence, and taste disturbance. The short‐term use of probiotics appears to be safe and effective when used along with antibiotics in patients who are not immunocompromised or severely debilitated. Despite the need for further research, hospitalized patients, particularly those at high risk of CDAD, should be informed of the potential benefits and harms of probiotics.

Legislators Highlight Lyme Disease Prevention

Legislators Highlight Lyme disease Prevention

ALBANY — State Senator Tom O’Mara (R-Big Flats) joined his Senate colleagues this week to urge Governor Andrew Cuomo and legislative leaders to include funding for research, education, and prevention initiatives in the 2019-2020 state budget to continue combating Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases (TBDs).

“Important actions over the past several years have broadened the state’s overall response to the spread of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases. Nevertheless, much more needs to be done, particularly in the areas of reporting, testing and treatment, and education and awareness,” said O’Mara, who has served as a member of the Senate Task Force on Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases.

The state Senate has led the way in recent years in securing nearly $3 million in state funding to advance research, education, and prevention initiatives statewide.

O’Mara and his colleagues noted, however, that the governor’s 2019-20 proposed state budget fails to include funding to build on past efforts and further combat the spread of Lyme and TBDs.

In response, the Senate Republican conference this week launched “Let’s Talk Ticks!” as an advocacy and educational campaign to continue raising awareness about the importance of ongoing state investment and support. At a round table discussion, lawmakers and other policy makers heard testimony from researchers, patients, and other experts committed to tackling the TBD epidemic.



We need this in Wisconsin which is 4th in the nation for Lyme disease.

If you want to make a difference, contact your representative & senators. Here is a letter you can use as is or you can use to derive your own.  We need to keep pressing the issue or they will happily ignore it.

Letter to WI Reps and Senators copy

Ticked Off: New Brighton Tattoo Artist Joins Event to Stamp Out Lyme Disease


Josh DeLay is ticked off about Lyme disease and rightfully so.

In 2017, Pennsylvania topped the nation with 9,250 confirmed cases and 2,650 probable, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, almost as many as found in New England states combined.

DeLay, 35, of Beaver Falls, owner of DLay ’n Ink Tattoos and Body Piercing in New Brighton, is among 35 tattoo artists across the country participating in Ink to End Lyme, an event to increase awareness and raise money to treat and cure the tick-borne illness now detected in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The majority of cases are concentrated in the Northeast and upper Midwest.

DeLay said he will donate all proceeds from tattoos and body piercings Jan. 30 to Lyme research. He’s freed his schedule from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. to accommodate walk-in customers. On an average day, he has four to five appointments and charges $85 an hour.

This is the third year for Ink to End Lyme, sponsored by nonprofit Lyme Warrior — a team of people with chronic Lyme disease working to find better treatment, testing and understanding of the illness. DLay’n Ink is one of three tattoo shops in Pennsylvania participating. The other two are near Philadelphia.

DeLay learned of the event through Facebook when tagged by a friend last month. A few days later, a client told him she was just diagnosed with the disease. DeLay thought that was more than coincidence and took it as a sign to get involved.

“If you can help, you should. It’s one day of my time,” he said, adding that he’s supported fundraisers to help animals, veterans and community projects such as the ongoing one in Beaver Falls to raise money to repair and reopen Tigerland Wave Pool.

When first diagnosed with diabetes years ago, he didn’t have health insurance.

“I was going to the clinic in Beaver Falls. Thank God, they had a (funding) program set up and I was able to get insulin,” he said.

Funding should be available to advance research for Lyme disease, too, he said.

“It’s a shame. There should be a cure. Why isn’t there?” he said.

The past month, DeLay’s Googled tattoo flash cards — designs printed on paper or cardboard to give customers ideas — of Lyme-related images and has also been hand drawing his own. Images range from the simplicity of the lime-green Lyme disease awareness ribbon, a bandaged lime, to more intricate drawings of disease-carrying animals — white-tailed deer, mice, chipmunks, gray squirrels, opossums and raccoons.

Of course, customers don’t have to be inked with Lyme-related tattoos. They can choose whatever design they want.

But customers must be 18 or older. In Pennsylvania, it’s unlawful to tattoo anyone under 18 without the presence and consent of a parent or guardian. Tattoo artists who violate the law face a third-degree misdemeanor charge, which can lead to a $100 fine or up to three years in prison.

Lyme Warrior founder Lauren Lovejoy of Blacksburg, Va., said it took years before she was correctly diagnosed with the disease and she slowly became sicker and sicker. A self-described workaholic, she found herself mostly bedbound.

“I was so lightheaded, shaky, and generally weak, that I had issues functioning at my office job,” she wrote on the Lyme Warrior website. “I went to doctor after doctor, but after another month full of missed days of work, I had to acknowledge that I could not function. I spent almost every day in bed.”

A tattoo devotee, she organized artists around the country to help her cause in the education of Lyme disease and her mission to raise funds. Last year, $12,000 was raised.

In Mid-Atlantic states, including Pennsylvania, blacklegged ticks infected with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi spread the disease to humans by attaching themselves to the body — usually hard-to-see areas such as scalp, groin and armpits — and then biting flesh.

Annually, the number of people diagnosed with Lyme disease in the United States approximates 300,000, according to the CDC.

Symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint pain and characteristic bull’s-eye patterned rash. Untreated, infection can spread to joints, heart and nervous system. If treated with antibiotics early, people usually recover, the CDC said.

Most cases of Lyme are missed, according to Lyme Warriors. Standard testing is only 20 to 30 percent accurate. Lovejoy said she was misdiagnosed twice.

The Pennsylvania Department of Health’s 2017 Lyme Disease Report indicated Beaver County had 211 cases. Allegheny County had 432, and Lawrence County had 82. Butler County had the most with 658.

DeLay thinks development of wilderness areas forcing humans and animals to share habitats helps spread Lyme and other tick-borne illnesses.

“We’re getting closer to the woods, and the woods are getting closer to us,” he said. “I heard about coyotes in Beaver Falls yesterday. Someone saw a coyote. If you think about it, they’re cutting trees down everywhere. Look at Chippewa (Township). It used to be all woods.”

Lovejoy also blames climate change and global warming.

And something even more alarming, she said: “an asexual tick that doesn’t need a partner to reproduce.”

The invasive Asian longhorn tick was discovered in Pennsylvania’s Centre County last year.



If you find an attached tick, GET TO THE DOCTOR RIGHT AWAY!  Do not take a “wait and see approach.”  Everyone admits that treating for this promptly makes all the difference.  Why wait?  It’s not worth the gamble.  If it were me, I’d demand prophylactic treatment.  For more on all things Lyme:

  • Take a picture of the tick
  • Put it in a sealed baggie and stick it into the freezer
  • Take pictures of any rashes.  They are notorious for coming and going.  By the time you get to the doctor it might be gone.

It’s true that most cases are missed and that testing is abysmal, but the information on waiting for a fever and rash are just as deluded.  

Fewer than 50% recall a rash and many rashes are “atypical.”  

Dr. Klinghardt has stated that a bulls-eye rash only happens on subsequent tick bites – not the first one.  One thing’s for sure –

IF you have an EM rash, YOU HAVE LYME, period.

For prevention:  Burning gave a 98% reduction in ticks.

Lastly, do your reading before considering a tattoo.  Tattoos are not without significant health risks:  In brief:

  • Tattoo ink can be toxic & contain carcinogens (including metals)
  • Tattoos can lead to errors in medical treatment (MRI burns & swelling, tattoo ink appearing as malignant cells)
  • Tattoos can cause infections (HIV, hepatitis C, staph, mycobacteria)
  • They can lead to tattoo-induced skin disorders (sarcoidosis, lichen planis)
  • They can cause allergic reactions
  • They can cause scarring
  • They can cause granulomas (bumps to encapsulate foreign substances such as ink particles)
  • Lyme/MSIDS patients are already in an epic battle for their health.  Purposely adding anything that assaults the body isn’t wise.
 “Tattoo ink has risk of infection”  (Click on this link to learn more) 

Approx. 45 Sec

Published on Sep 28, 2012

Nearly 40 individuals across the US exhibited unusual rashes after receiving tattoos. After an investigation, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) confirmed 22 skin infections spanning over four states in the past year. The symptoms are linked to tattoo ink contaminated with M. Chelonae. This cousin of tuberculosis entered the ink via contaminated water used during the distillation process.







Lyme Disease Story – BBC Evening News

 Approx. 2.3 Min.

BBC South East Evening News – Lyme Disease

Outdoor Survival Expert tells of the dangers of Lyme Disease.


Great video reminding us of how our those working in the outdoors including search and rescue folks, police, fire, EMS, and forest workers are in harms way.  These folks are in the elements, including grassy ditches and other tick friendly habitats.

Tick prevention is crucial:

To purchase permethrin-sprayed socks and support Wisconsin Lyme Network (WLN):

Dec. 2018 WLN Newsletter



Within the link from Wisconsin Lyme Network (WLN) you will learn about:

  • The facts about Permethrin
  • WLN is selling Permethrin-treated clothing
  • The upcoming Howard Young Medical Clinic in Minocqua
  • The upcoming Lyme conference in Lacrosse, WI on March 23, 2018
  • An upcoming Wisconsin Lyme Walk (TBD)