Archive for the ‘Ticks’ Category

Bbsl Infected Ticks in Canadian Songbirds

Far-Reaching Dispersal of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato-Infected Blacklegged Ticks by Migratory Songbirds in Canada.

Scott JD, et al. Healthcare (Basel). 2018.


Lyme disease has been documented in northern areas of Canada, but the source of the etiological bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) has been in doubt. We collected 87 ticks from 44 songbirds during 2017, and 24 (39%) of 62 nymphs of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, were positive for Bbsl. We provide the first report of Bbsl-infected, songbird-transported I. scapularis in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; Newfoundland and Labrador; north-central Manitoba, and Alberta. Notably, we report the northernmost account of Bbsl-infected ticks parasitizing a bird in Canada. DNA extraction, PCR amplification, and DNA sequencing reveal that these Bbsl amplicons belong to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (Bbss), which is pathogenic to humans. Based on our findings, health-care providers should be aware that migratory songbirds widely disperse B. burgdorferi-infected I. scapularis in Canada’s North, and local residents do not have to visit an endemic area to contract Lyme disease.



Second posting today of infected ticks being in places they supposedly shouldn’t be.  I think we need to truly accept the fact Lyme/MSIDS is everywhere.  Make sure you spread the word to medical practitioners, your family and friends – and frankly anyone who will listen.  Infected ticks found in unlikely places including beaches.

Increasing Bbss in Tennessee Ticks

Increasing Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto-Infected Blacklegged Ticks in Tennessee Valley, Tennessee, USA.

Hickling GJ, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018.


In 2017, we surveyed forests in the upper Tennessee Valley, Tennessee, USA. We found Ixodes scapularis ticks established in 23 of 26 counties, 4 of which had Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto-infected ticks. Public health officials should be vigilant for increasing Lyme disease incidence in this region.



Another study showing infected ticks in places most don’t suspect and the importance of spreading the word.  I pray long gone are the days when a doc stares at a CDC map and announces it can’t be Lyme because it doesn’t exist in their state.  Infected ticks are virtually everywhere. 


Co-Infection Patterns in Wisconsin Black Legged Ticks Show Associations Between Viral, Eukaryotic & Bacterial Microorganisms

Co-Infection Patterns in Individual Ixodes scapularis Ticks Reveal Associations between Viral, Eukaryotic and Bacterial Microorganisms.

Cross ST, et al. Viruses. 2018.


Ixodes scapularis ticks harbor a variety of microorganisms, including eukaryotes, bacteria and viruses. Some of these can be transmitted to and cause disease in humans and other vertebrates. Others are not pathogenic, but may impact the ability of the tick to harbor and transmit pathogens. A growing number of studies have examined the influence of bacteria on tick vector competence but the influence of the tick virome remains less clear, despite a surge in the discovery of tick-associated viruses.

In this study, we performed shotgun RNA sequencing on 112 individual adult I. scapularis collected in Wisconsin, USA. We characterized the abundance, prevalence and co-infection rates of viruses, bacteria and eukaryotic microorganisms.

We identified pairs of tick-infecting microorganisms whose observed co-infection rates were higher or lower than would be expected, or whose RNA levels were positively correlated in co-infected ticks. Many of these co-occurrence and correlation relationships involved two bunyaviruses, South Bay virus and blacklegged tick phlebovirus-1. These viruses were also the most prevalent microorganisms in the ticks we sampled, and had the highest average RNA levels.

Evidence of associations between microbes included a positive correlation between RNA levels of South Bay virus and Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease agent. These findings contribute to the rationale for experimental studies on the impact of viruses on tick biology and vector competence.


**Eukaryotes are protozoans or parasites which includes worms (nematodes/helminths)**

Mainstream medicine has yet to take into account the synergistic effect of all of the pathogens found within a tick upon human suffering.  So far they continue to believe this is a one pathogen/one disease/one drug paradigm, hence the mono-therapy of doxycycline as their answer to this 21st century plague.

Until this changes, we are doomed.

Why the CPI’s Article on How a Climate Skeptic is Holding up Tick-borne Illness Research is Dead Wrong

An article by The Center for Public Integrity, states, “As Disease-bearing Ticks Head North, Weak Government Response Threatens Public Health.”

Now that’s something we can both agree upon.

What I completely and unequivocally disagree with is this statement:

 “The CDC says rising temperatures are partly to blame for the tripling of mosquito-, tick- and flea-borne illnesses from 2004 to 2016, but Maine’s governor, a climate skeptic, is tying health officials’ hands.”

This statement is called gunny-sacking which by definition means that rather than focusing on an important key point with basis in truth, you lump a bunch of unrelated issues together, some of which are true and some of which are unsubstantiated or even false, and whallop folks over the head, hoping they won’t notice inconsistencies.

“The climate change range expansion model has been used to rationalize how they have done nothing for more than thirty years.  It’s a huge cover-up scheme that goes back to the 1980’s.”  Scott says, even the ticks are smarter than the people who have concocted this thing.”

Those are pretty bold statements coming from an infected tick expert.

BTW:  for those of you new to this crazy world, ticks have been found on beaches, in caves, underneath picnic benches, on rocks, on birds and other animals, blown into swimming pools, falling off trees, and I’ve found them climbing my walls:,  I’m sure they’ve been found just about everywhere.  If you like Stephen King, here’s a goodie for bed-time reading:

If there’s one thing I’ve learned on this journey from hell it’s that those who are infected have a vested interest in getting down to the bottom of things.  They are more open minded, search harder, and do not blindly swallow past research.  They frankly, NEED answers for themselves.  It’s far more than just a job with a paycheck for them.  It’s also important to point out the obvious fact that being an independent researcher, Scott doesn’t answer to the people paying the bills.  So if “inconvenient” facts are discovered, he feels no pressure to hide the information.  I wish this could be said of others doing work in the Lyme/MSIDS area.

  • Fourth, and perhaps most importantly, the lumping together of Maine’s governor being a climate skeptic tying officials’ hands, is the worst gunny-sacking of all.  Let me be clear:  not swallowing the climate change propaganda does not mean you don’t care about controlling insects and lessening human suffering!  

Have we really devolved to infantile name-calling?

The real quote that says it all is:

“It’s disheartening for folks who work in climate and health. When politics come into play they feel beat down a little.”
—Chelsea Gridley-Smith, National Association of City and County Health Officials

OK, now we are getting somewhere.  Bottom line – someone feels put down.

Translation:  someone didn’t get some money – typically in the form of a grant.

And, if we are talking politics, they are clearly on the side of the climate changers.  It is used as a cat call for researchers seeking grant money despite inconclusive results.  The media, similarly to the vaccine issue, is clearly biased and promoting climate change.  Period.  Gone are the days where journalists just print the facts.  They now feel compelled to tell you how to think as well.

But, we have to ask ourselves, how is this article going to affect real research that needs to be done for Lyme/MSIDS patients?

For one, if a person takes this article at face value it will make you think that climate change research is what’s important and this “climate change skeptic” from Maine is stopping that from happening…when nothing could be further from the truth.

A tick experts claims they’ve been doing climate change research regarding ticks and Lyme for years and have ZIPPO to show for it.  Patients aren’t helped one iota.

Do we really need more climate change research or do we need more research on how to  properly test, treat, and help patients who have been suffering and have been ignored for over 40 years?  Of course we need to research how to stop ticks from transmitting disease but….

How is climate data going to help any of this?

You can show all the EM rashes you want.  You can quote disgruntled employees who feel “beat down a little,” you can state it’s all being hog-tied by a climate change skeptic, you can show maps of ticks marching North, and you can even show cute crayon-colored pictures by children, but some of us out here are on to you.  

In the end – it’s all about money.

What it isn’t about is patient care.

Let me be clear:  the federal government’s failing to prioritize Lyme/MSIDS research has NADDA to do with climate change.

Don’t be duped.  Don’t swallow the bait.  Think for yourself.

For a great read:  “According to the scientific method, it is impossible to prove a theory is right. But climate alarmists ignore the scientific method and simply BELIEVE their theory is right. They don’t have time for any stinkin’ proof they are wrong.

This post is “stinkin’ proof” they are wrong. Yes, Virginia, it IS possible to prove a theory is wrong.”

And remember – above all – it’s important to question things and to seek out answers for yourself.  Often, the answers you find will fly in the face of accepted public opinion.

It’s your life.

Live it with conviction.

An Invasive New Tick is Spreading in the U.S.

An Invasive New Tick Is Spreading in the U.S.

By Donald G. McNeil Jr.
Aug. 6, 2018

For the first time in 50 years, a new tick species has arrived in the United States — one that in its Asian home range carries fearsome diseases.

The Asian long-horned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, is spreading rapidly along the Eastern Seaboard. It has been found in seven states and in the heavily populated suburbs of New York City.

At the moment, public health experts say they are concerned, but not alarmed.

Although domestic American ticks are a growing menace and transmit a dozen pathogens, no long-horned ticks here have yet been found with any human diseases. In Asia, however, the species carries a virus that kills 15 percent of its victims.

For now, the new arrivals are considered a greater threat to livestock.

Known in Australia as bush ticks and in New Zealand as cattle ticks, long-horned ticks can multiply rapidly and suck so much blood from a young animal that it dies. The ticks bloat up like fat raisins until their tiny legs are barely able to support them.
After a blood meal, females can lay hundreds of fertile eggs without mating.

“One tick can crank out females in fairly large numbers,” said Thomas Yuill, a retired pathobiologist at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, who was one of the first to raise alarms about the invaders.

The first long-horned tick was found last summer in western New Jersey. This summer they were collected in public parks and a golf course in Bergen, Essex and Middlesex counties in New Jersey, and in wooded and grassy areas of New York’s Westchester County.

They were reported in Pennsylvania for the first time last week, and have been sighted in Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia.

They were found feeding on horses, dogs, deer, a calf, a sheep and an opossum. They do bite humans, but it is not clear how often.

People should use the same precautions they do against domestic ticks, experts said, such as using repellents and checking for ticks after walking through woods or tall grass.

Tadhgh Rainey, an entomologist at the public health department of Hunterdon County, N.J., found the first long-horned ticks in the country last August, when a woman who had been shearing her pet Icelandic sheep came to his department with ticks on her hands and wrists.

“I thought she’d have a few,” Mr. Rainey said in an interview. “But she was covered in them, easily over 1,000 on her pants alone.”

Most were young nymphs about the size of dust specks.

“She had a change of clothes in her car, so we put her clothes in the freezer to kill them,” Mr. Rainey recalled.

The ticks didn’t match any North American pests, and initially he could not identify them. The woman’s 12-year-old sheep was penned alone and had never traveled, so where they came from remained a mystery.

A month later the woman called again to see if he had figured out what they were, and Mr. Rainey drove out to see the animal for himself.

“A minute after we entered the paddock, even before I touched the sheep, I was covered in ticks,” he said.

The sheep was weak from blood loss, so he gave the owner some insecticidal livestock wash. The grass around the paddock was later cut and the area sprayed in an effort to eliminate the outbreak.

Andrea Egizi, an entomologist at Rutgers University, finally identified the longhorns by DNA analysis. Her lab has now tested more than 100 specimens found in New York and New Jersey.

Thus far, Dr. Egizi said, none have any of the pathogens causing the six diseases she screens for: Lyme disease, relapsing fever, babesiosis, anaplasmosis and two varieties of erlichiosis.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lab in Fort Collins, Colo., has screened about 100 long-horned ticks for three dangerous viruses — Powassan, Heartland and Bourbon — and all came up negative, said Ben Beard, the agency’s deputy director of vector-borne diseases.

The lab now has 10 live long-horned ticks and is feeding them to create a colony, Dr. Beard said. That will take about a year, and then researchers can determine whether they can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and other diseases.

In East Asia, long-horned ticks do carry pathogens related to Lyme and others found in North America. But the biggest threat is a phlebovirus that causes S.F.T.S., for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome. (Thrombocytopenia means abnormally low levels of platelets, which help the blood clot; a severe drop triggers internal bleeding and organ failure.)

The syndrome has an overall fatality rate of about 15 percent, said Terry A. Klein, an entomologist working with the American military in South Korea. But S.F.T.S. is more lethal to people aged 60 or older, killing half of them.

However, the syndrome is not found in Australia or New Zealand, earlier stops for the long-horned ticks as they spread from Asia. In those countries, they cause babesiosis and theileriosis in cattle but are mostly “of nuisance value” to humans, said Dr. David Thomson, a veterinarian in Queensland, Australia.

It’s not clear that the S.F.T.S. virus, which is related to the Heartland virus found in a number of American states, could get established in this country, because its transmission cycle is unknown — it may need more than one host.

(Although West Nile virus, for example, is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, they first get it from birds, because humans do not build up enough of the virus to pass on.)

It’s not known when or how long-horned ticks reached the United States, nor why the species is spreading so fast now.

They bite birds, but Mr. Rainey said he suspected they originally arrived on a large animal. As far back as 1960, he said, the ticks were found on a horse held in quarantine.

One collected in 2013, Dr. Beard said, was misidentified until recently as a rabbit tick, which is also in the Haemaphysalis genus.

In theory, just one female could have produced all the long-horned ticks spreading in the country through asexual reproduction. But Dr. Egizi said she has found three mitochondrial DNA lineages, meaning at least three females arrived.

Although experts said having a new invader is unsettling, they worry more about deer ticks, lone star ticks and other established species whose ranges are growing as winters get warmer.

Cases of the illnesses they transmit — everything from Lyme disease to alpha-gal syndrome, an allergy to red meat — are rapidly increasing. Even in Asia, only about 1 percent of long-horned ticks have the S.F.T.S. virus; in parts of this country, 25 percent of deer ticks carry Lyme disease.

“The jury’s still out on how big a threat this is,” Dr. Beard said. “But we think it’s a very important question to address.”



Now in 5 states (Pennsylvania, Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia) the Long-horned tick is responsible for SFTS in Asia.  It is also associated with spotted fever rickettsioses, Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and Borrelia, the causative agent of Lyme Disease in other parts of the world.

Why they continue to downplay this is truly a head scratcher.  But then they’ve been downplaying all things tick related for decades.

If a picture’s worth 1,000 words look at this one:


A scanning electron micrograph shows an engorged female Ixodes angustus tick with a male I. angustus attached to its underside in typical feeding mode—a case of hyperparasitism presumed uncommon in the species. (Image originally published in Durden et al 2018, Journal of Medical Entomology)

Crisis of Tick-spread Disease Crushes Ontario Teen

Crisis of tick-spread disease crushes London teen

Brandan Barnett, 16, has been battling lyme disease for four years after it wasn’t properly diagnosed in London, Ont. Mike Hensen/The London Free Press/Postmedia Network

A day after Canadians celebrate a civic holiday, a London couple will go on their only trip of the summer, driving more than 800 kilometres to Maryland to seek care for a 15-year-old son — care they can’t find in their own country.

Brandan Barnett was once a 12-year-old boy who excelled in school, played AAA hockey for the London Knights and whose can-do attitude inspired his firefighting father Dan and his mom Lisa, an education assistant who helps special needs kids.

Four years later, his body has been ravaged by disease, his parents’ faith in our health care system has been obliterated, and they have placed all their hope on an American doctor who specializes in tick-borne illness like Lyme Disease.

“Brandan had his life stolen from him in an instant, and at every turn, we had absolutely no help from our current medical system at all,” Lisa Barnett told The Free Press. “We were passed from one specialist to another, none knowing what to do (and) had to watch our child become suddenly bedridden.”

The Barnett’s experience is all too typical in a country in which Lyme disease has grown to epic proportions, a crisis that neither doctors nor public health officials have adequately addressed, say a registered nurse and lawyer who have made headway pressing their cause to politicians in Ottawa.

“We have heard similar stories time and time again all across Canada,” said Sue Faber, a registered nurse who battled Lyme for 14 years before co-founding an advocacy group called LymeHope that’s made its presence felt in Ottawa. “It’s just a huge crisis.”

Among with lawyer Jennifer Kravis, the group has swum upstream against the current of conventional practice and belief in Canada, whose doctors and public health officials have resisted the notion that Lyme disease is spreading quickly, can create chronic and debilitating symptoms that last for years, and can be passed through childbirth from mothers to children.

In the last year alone, Faber and Kravis have met with Federal Health Minister Jane Philpott, hosted an Ottawa event that drew more than 40 MPs, testified before a senate committee on health, enlisted the support of one of the Canada’s most influential advocacy groups — the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario —  and persuaded The Public Health Agency of Canada to list on its website aggressive treatment guidelines created last year by the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society.

Their efforts have also resonated with everyday Canadians, of whom more than 65,000 have signed a petition pushing for change.

But even doctors who have adopted the changes are reluctant to speak out for fear of being ostracized by their peers. “This is a very controversial disease. (Some doctors) are hesitant to get their names out there,” Faber said.

That resistance to change has crushed Brandan Barnett, who for more than four years has been so sick he has been too weak to even attend school — at 5 feet 11, he weighs only 110 lbs.

“He’s gone from a 24/7 never-stop kid to a kid who couldn’t get out of bed,” Lisa Barnett said. “It’s the fight of his life.”

The descent was rapid. After a camping trip to Pinery Provincial Park, a hot spot for Lyme disease, Barnett was playing hockey at Nichols Arena in February, 2014 when he was suddenly overwhelmed with flu-like symptoms. Doctors were stumped, and when a rash developed on his back, a dermatologist prescribed steroids, which only made him worse.

What followed was a parade of specialists: a pediatrician, gastroenterologist, an infectious disease expert, and even a psychiatrist after one doctor suggested the problems might all be in his head.

The notion that a tick might be the source of his ills came from a family friend whose child had Lyme disease.

That led to the family’s first trip to Maryland to the first specialist who seemed to have any idea about what was plaguing Brandan — Dr. Bobak Mozayeni specialized in tick-borne illness.

While tests didn’t show Lyme disease, they did confirm another tick-spread illness, Bartonella. Mozayeni prescribed a lengthy course of antibiotics, and for the first nine months of 2017, Brandan improved.

But in November, the bottom dropped out — Brandan lost 20 pounds in four weeks.

While his parents hope their coming trip to Maryland will help Brandan turn things around, they are devastated their son lost three years to what they believe were missteps by Canadian doctors.

“Brandan might have been able to avoid years of unbelievable suffering (in) pain as his body was attacked by this illness. It shouldn’t be this way. When your child gets really sick, there should be support in Canada,” Lisa Barnett said.

“He had hopes, dreams and a future (and ) I need to do everything I can to mend and heal what this illness has destroyed and taken from him already. He is strong and resilient, and if there is a way to get his health back we will persevere and achieve it. Thank God for his positive attitude.”

Public health agencies in Canada already do one thing well, say Faber and Kravis — the agencies publicize how to lessen the risk of being bitten by a tick, and what to do if they find a tick

But while prevention is a worthy goal, the two advocates say Canadian doctors must learn how to properly diagnose and treat Lyme and other tick-borne illness. Many current practices are concerning, they said:

  • Doctors test for one strain of Lyme disease when evidence suggests there may be as many as 300.
  • Doctors won’t use a test well-established in the United States and Europe, a Western Blot test, unless patients first test positive using a method that is known to miss many cases, an Elisa test.
  • Public health rely on 12-year-old American standards that are no longer used by leading American tick-borne disease specialists
  • Doctors don’t search for other illness such as Bartonella that are carried by ticks whose population is growing as the climate warms.

The lack of vigilance has created a chasm between the numbers of confirmed cases of Lyme disease and the numbers that LymeHope uses based on surveys of Canadians.

According to public health officials, fewer than 1,000 people were diagnosed last year with Lyme disease. But a survey found that one in 10 Canadians said either they had the disease or knew someone who did.

Despite that disagreement, local public health officials say the number of ticks in the London region is on the rise and the map of affected areas growing across Ontario.

This year and last year, those concerned about tick bites have sent two to three times as many ticks to be tested at the Middlesex-London Health Unit as in previous years, said Jeremy Hogeveen, the health unit’s vector borne disease co-ordinator.

“It’s growing. Climate change is altering the landscape,” he said. “The map of affected areas is growing every year.”

Only one lab in Canada tests ticks, the turn-around time for results is six months, so if someone has been in an area known to have black-legged deer ticks, the type that can carry Lyme disease, and shows symptoms of the disease, the health unit recommends seeing a doctor who can start antibiotics right away, Hogeveen said.

At the same health unit, the Associate Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Barry Pakes, is skeptical of some American practices that specialize in Lyme testing because he believes the tests are prone to show a positive match even when that’s not the case. That someone in London was diagnosed with Bartonella surprises him, as that is a disease that is more typically found in much tropical climates; Pakes said he saw cases when he worked in South America.



To the skeptic – Lyme and the various coinfections that often come with it are EVERYWHERE….

It is a huge mistake to limit the location and/or severity of this complex illness.

For more:  “People should be aware of ticks and tick-borne disease, even when they may think there’s not a recorded incidence of a tick in a county,” Nieto said. “These things, they’re not obeying borders. They’re going by biology. If they get moved there by a deer or bird or people or pets, they’re going to establish themselves and start growing.”

This tick border thing is a man-made constructed paradigm that has never been accurate, but it’s fit the CDC/NIH/IDSA narrative. (go to page 6 and read about Speilman’s maps which are faulty but have ruled like the Iron Curtain, and have been used to keep folks from being diagnosed and treated)

The climate-change issue is another man-made paradigm regarding ticks who will be the last species on the planet besides the IRS:

“Dr. Mozayeni talks about Bartonella as one of the major co-infections of Lyme disease. It’s more prevalent than Lyme, as there are many more ways to contract the disease (eg. flees, cats, arachnids, etc).  Many claim ticks also transmit it.”


12 Scary Diseases You Can Catch at the Beach – Lyme is One of Them

12 Scary Diseases You Didn’t Know You Could Catch at the Beach

Sunburn isn’t the only concern at the shore this year. Keep your family safe by protecting them against these scary diseases you didn’t know you could pick up at the beach.


Air bubbles in clear blue water in poolJag_cz/Shutterstock

You may have heard horror stories about Cryptosporidium outbreaks at the local beach or pool and with good reason. Crypto causes watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting for up to two weeks. There is nothing like two weeks of diarrhea to put a damper on your summer travel plans. The Cryptosporidium parasite has a protective outer layer that allows it to survive outside the body and on surfaces or water. Beachgoers can be infected by swimming in or accidentally drinking contaminated water.

Vibrio vulnificus infections

Shucked Oysters Fines de Claire and oyster knife on white marble backgroundLisovskaya Natalia/Shutterstock

If you’re planning to have a cookout while enjoying your beach day, make sure your seafood is fully-cooked. Eating undercooked seafood, especially oysters, could lead to a Vibrio vulnificus infection. While this condition is rare, people with underlying medical conditions could be more at risk. Swimming with an open sore or wound can also encourage the infection. “A superficial wound in such a person can become contaminated and a rapidly progressive skin/soft tissue infection could occur,” says Amesh A. Adalja, MD, senior scholar at Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. “These infections require prompt treatment with antibiotics and sometimes even amputation.” Fortunately, this infection will not affect the vast majority of people, says Dr. Adalja.

Legionnaires’ disease

Soft pastel landscape photo of waves breaking on a pristine, peaceful, unpopulated beach.forestpath/Shutterstock

Legionnaires’ disease is a serious lung infection caused by the bacteria Legionella, which can survive in pools, the ocean, or lakes. Breathing in the mist or accidentally inhaling a bit of contaminated water can lead to an infection. While most people can manage a little exposure, smokers and people with lung conditions are at higher risk. Don’t miss these other hidden beach dangers you need to take seriously.

Pseudomonas infection

The first stepM Phillips/Shutterstock

This bacteria lives in water or sand and will trigger a mild reaction in most people—usually spots, redness, or an open wound. However, if the bacteria enters your bloodstream, the infection can be much more serious, with symptoms such as a fever, chills, and muscle pain. If you think you were exposed, see your doctor—you may need antibiotics.


Tasty cutlets from beef on the grillch3rryzzz/Shutterstock

Catching hepatitis is probably not front of mind when you’re packing your hat and sunscreen for a fun beach day—but it is possible. The most common way to contract Hepatitis A is by eating contaminated food, but you can also catch it by eating undercooked shellfish and being exposed to polluted water. Hepatitis A causes severe gastric distress including symptoms like nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and even jaundice. Keep you and your family safe by following these 9 beach safety rules.

Swimmer’s itch

A man foot in the stream line of deep dark watertonirichsag1411/Shutterstock

Swimmer’s itch is just as uncomfortable as it sounds. It’s a reaction to certain parasites that live on birds and other animals; the bugs get washed off and can survive in salt or freshwater, where you can pick them up. They burrow into the skin and cause small raised red bumps that can turn into blisters. Swimmers itch (officially, cercarial dermatitis) is possible when exposed to parasites in certain freshwaters, says Alexander Evens, DO, an infectious disease specialist at Marin General Hospital. “It presents about 48 hours after exposure with these parasites that irritate the human skin but fortunately do not cause invasive disease.”

Lyme disease

Close-up of tick filled with blood crawling on white

You might remember to check for ticks after a stroll through the woods—but after a beach trip? “When you walk along the beach, you expect to run into some crabs or birds, but it’s definitely possible to find ticks on the beach hanging out in long strands of beach grass,” says Mayla Hsu, PhD, director of Research and Science at the Global Lyme Alliance. “That’s why people should always stay off dunes and away from tall grass.” Dr. Hsu explains that ticks could also fall off seagulls onto the sand, so it’s best to bring along some insect repellant along with your shades and beach towels.

Ear infection

Young pretty woman ear closeupAleksandra Voinova/Shutterstock

Ear infections don’t just affect toddlers and young kids. Adults can come down with them too, and a trip to the beach could put you at higher risk. “Otitis externa is a common bacterial infection acquired with persistent water exposure along the external ear canal,” says Dr. Evens. “It manifests by itchiness, pain, and swelling of the outer ear.” While the infection shouldn’t be serious, it will require antibiotics to treat. Find out the 17 sneaky ways summer is making you sick.


close-up partial view of african american man washing in bathroom

LightField Studios/Shutterstock

If you need to use the public restroom at the beach, be vigilant about washing your hands. Germs like norovirus can live on surfaces like toilets, doorknobs, and sinks, and they can cause major stomach upset. Norovirus is responsible for what is commonly called the stomach flu, and that would definitely wreck your fun day at the beach. Washing hands with soap and water should be enough to kill the virus. Don’t miss these 50 ways to have your healthiest summer ever.

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Fishing pier disappearing into the sea in foggy conditions. Scott Heaney/Shutterstock

Nothing could make you regret a romantic stroll down the beach more than hookworm. You’ll want to watch where you step, says Cole Beeler, MD, an infection prevention specialist at Indiana University Health. “Dogs poop on the beach, and sometimes this poop has hookworm larvae in it,” warns Dr. Beeler. “If you step on this poop without knowing it, these larvae can penetrate through your skin and crawl around until they eventually die.” As if that visual isn’t enough to keep you up at night, hookworm can cause a rash and intense itching.

Lung infection

Steamed Crab serve on white disk for Steamed Crab or seafood buffet in Thailand.ArtPanupat/Shutterstock

When hosting a cookout on the beach, it may be safer to stick with s’mores instead of seafood. Undercooked fish and shellfish can pass on dangerous parasites. When Aileen M. Marty, MD, director of the FIU Health Travel Medicine program, examined a patient who had been vomiting blood for months, she discovered that he had eaten improperly cooked crabs on the beach. “He had gone on a canoe trip at a lakeside beach where he had cooked crabs (improperly) and eaten them,” says Dr. Marty. “When we examined his sputum, we found the golden brown eggs of a Paragonimus species.” Don’t miss these 8 health problems that totally feel worse in the summer.

Algal blooms

Closeup of Green algae underwater in Moucha Island in Djibouti, East Africa

Hiren Ranpara/Shutterstock

Before visiting the lake or ocean, consider checking to make sure there are no current health warnings. When certain algae are blooming, swimmers can come down with a variety of serious illnesses. “Tiny organisms called dinoflagellates may overgrow in the ocean and release toxins in the air that can cause fever, headache, rash, eye irritation, gastrointestinal disturbances, wheezing, numbness, and even confusion,” says Dr. Beeler. “Most beaches will warn you when algae are overgrowing, but be aware that the symptoms are nonspecific and the best treatment, if you are affected, is avoidance of the beach.”

How to stay safe

kids running and jumping from pier

paul prescott/Shutterstock

Don’t let this list make you cancel your beach excursions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are a few simple steps to take to stay safe at the beach. First, never swim or allow your kids to swim with diarrhea, as this could lead to a crypto outbreak. While you’re swimming, take care to never swallow the water (and keep your mouth closed underwater). In addition to your sunscreen, toss some insect repellant and hand sanitizer in your beach bag as well. Next, find out the 18 healthy ways to prepare your body for summer.



The word is finally getting out. TICKS ARE EVERYWHERE!
Rocks and picnic benches:
Caves:, and
In the South:, and, and
Southern Hemisphere:
And everywhere else…..
Remember, there are 300 strains and counting of Borrelia worldwide and 100 strains and counting in the U.S. Current CDC two-tiered testing tests for ONE strain! Do the math….
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