Archive for the ‘Transmission’ Category

Primary Detection of the Establishment of Blacklegged Ticks, Ixodes Scapularis, in British Columbia, Canada

Primary Detection of the Establishment of Blacklegged Ticks, Ixodes scapularis, in British Columbia, Canada

John D Scott* and Catherine Scott

Upper Grand Tick Centre, 365 St. David Street South, Fergus, Ontario N1M 2L7, Canada

*Corresponding author(s) John D Scott, Upper Grand Tick Centre, 365 St. David Street South, Fergus, Ontario N1M 2L7, Canada Email: DOI: 10.37871/jbres1754 Submitted: 23 May 2023 Accepted: 30 May 2023 Published: 31 May 2023 Copyright: © 2023 Scott JD, et al. Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 OPEN ACCESS



Ticks transport and transmit microbial pathogens that inflict malevolent diseases on domestic and wildlife animals, and humans. We reveal the first-time record of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, in British Columbia (BC) and, concurrently, far western North America. We unveil the primary tick-host record of I. scapularis parasitizing a Mallard duck, Anasplatyrhynchos. In our study, the most pronounced Ixodes species was I. scapularis (61%) followed by the western blacklegged tick, Ixodes pacificus (34%). The most frequently occurring mammalian host parasitized by I. scapularis was the eastern cottontail, Sylvilagus floridanus, a lagomorph of grassland habitats. Healthcare professionals must be aware that both I. pacificus, and I. scapularis bite humans in BC, and transmit at least six tick-borne human zoonotic pathogens that cause insidious diseases.



Yet more proof ticks are everywhere and parasitizing virtually everything.  Continuing to regurgitate that patients can’t be infected with Lyme/MSIDS because ticks and disease don’t exist in certain geographical areas is foolishness that is killing people or dooming them to a life of misery.  Please educate others on this fact because mainstream medicine and the media are lying to the public and are not to be trusted.

For more:

Relocated Cats & Disseminated Vector-Borne & Other Pathogens of Potential Relevance

Vector-borne and other pathogens of potential relevance disseminated by relocated cats


Large populations of unowned cats constitute an animal welfare, ecological, societal and public health issue worldwide. Their relocation and homing are currently carried out in many parts of the world with the intention of relieving suffering and social problems, while contributing to ethical and humane population control in these cat populations. An understanding of an individual cat’s lifestyle and disease status by veterinary team professionals and those working with cat charities can help to prevent severe cat stress and the spread of feline pathogens, especially vector-borne pathogens, which can be overlooked in cats. In this article, we discuss the issue of relocation and homing of unowned cats from a global perspective. We also review zoonotic and non-zoonotic infectious agents of cats and give a list of practical recommendations for veterinary team professionals dealing with homing cats. Finally, we present a consensus statement consolidated at the 15th Symposium of the Companion Vector-Borne Diseases (CVBD) World Forum in 2020, ultimately to help veterinary team professionals understand the problem and the role they have in helping to prevent and manage vector-borne and other pathogens in relocated cats.  (See link for article)


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Lyme Awareness News Story 2023


May is Lyme Disease Awareness Month

KMIZ ABC 17 News

By Ethan Heinz

May 8, 2023


May is national Lyme Disease Awareness month, giving activists and those suffering from Lyme disease a chance to spread information on how to prevent the disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control’s website, Lyme disease is often found in the upper midwest and northeastern states in the United States, and is transferred through tick bites.

The CDC says 476,000 people are treated for Lyme disease each year, based on insurance records.

Liam Conlon is Lyme positive, and lives with the illness after a tick infected him.

(See link for story)



Fairly balanced reporting here for once.

While the spokeman for the Columbia/Boone County Health Department is correct in stating that not all ticks are infected, this is the wrong approach.  When will we learn?

Take each and every tick bite as seriously as a heart attack and ASSUME you are infected.  The risk simply isn’t worth it.

I’m thankful the article points out Lyme is only the tip of the spear and there are many other pathogens they can transmit besides the ones listed in the article.  Bartonella is one of the worst and isn’t even mentioned.

There are also many other signs and symptoms than what are listed in the article.  Time to get educated.  Time to stop regurgitating age-old information that is incomplete or inaccurate.  One example is waiting for symptoms before seeing a doctor.  At this point it would be foolish to “wait and see,” because this approach has doomed thousands of people to a life-time of suffering.  Each tick bite should be treated.

For more:

Tick Report: Interview With Professor Stephen Rich  Interview Here  (Approx. 2 hours)

Episode 355: Tick Report – an interview with Professor Stephen Rich

May, 2023

In this episode of the Tick Boot Camp Podcast, we welcome Professor Stephen Rich, a well-respected scientist in the chronic Lyme disease community from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Join us as Professor Rich shares insights into his research on tick-borne diseases and practical applications, focusing on Lyme disease transmission, deer’s role in the spread of Lyme, and various preventive measures.

Discussion Points

  • His team’s groundbreaking discovery last month that the blood of the white-tailed deer kills Lyme bacteria
  • Professor Rich’s background and the Laboratory of Medical Zoology at UMass Amherst
  • Practical applications of Lyme research and training other scientists
  • Understanding the tick feeding process and Lyme disease transmission
  • The debate on Lyme disease transmission through other vectors (mosquitoes, bed bugs)
  • Spatial protection tools for preventing tick bites
  • Attachment times for Lyme and other tick-borne illnesses
  • The mystery behind the Lone Star tick-borne illness Alpga-Gal Syndrome (AGS)
  • The role of mice in Lyme disease transmission
  • Strains of Borrelia burgdorferi and their impact on humans
  • CDC’s stance on tick testing and available testing options through Tick Report
  • The importance of tick checks and using multiple senses

In this informative episode, Professor Stephen Rich offers valuable knowledge about the transmission and prevention of Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses. By understanding these complex processes, we can develop better preventive measures and treatment strategies. Stay tuned for future episodes featuring more insights from experts in the field.

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Case Report: Lyme Disease Causes Inflammation of the Spinal Cord


There have only been 8 documented pediatric cases of Lyme disease causing transverse myelitis. In this report, the authors describe the ninth case involving a 10-year-old boy.

In their article Case report: Subacute transverse myelitis with gait preservation secondary to Lyme disease and a review of the literature,” Colot and colleagues describe a 10-year-old boy who suffered from neck pain with irradiation in the upper limbs for 13 days.

Transverse myelitis (TM) is an inflammation of both sides of one section of the spinal cord. Diagnosis requires clinical symptoms and evidence of inflammation within the spinal cord via cerebrospinal fluid analysis and/or magnetic resonance imaging.

Treatment of transverse myelitis typically includes oral steroids, intravenous immunoglobulins, plasma exchange, and immunomodulatory therapies.

“Clinical features consist of sensory disturbances in most patients, followed by weakness and sphincter dysfunction. Children suffer from more severe clinical impairment than adults,” the authors wrote.

In fact, one study found 89% of the pediatric patients were bed- or wheelchair-bound or required assisted ventilation.

In this case report, Colot et al. provides evidence that the clinical presentation of neuroborrelial transverse myelitis differs from classical TM.

TM secondary to Lyme disease is more often subacute with gait preservation and is limited to the cervical spine,” the authors wrote.

Lyme disease triggers inflammation in spinal cord

A 10-year-old boy presented to his pediatrician with “persistent nocturnal and rotational neck pain with irradiation in the upper limbs for 13 days with a feeling of heaviness and paresthesia in the fingers.”

The boy also had a fever for 11 days, along with fatigue and headaches.

MRI findings of the spine suggested longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM).

“A spinal MRI showed an extensive T2 hypersignal between C1 and C7, with a normal T1 signal confirming the diagnosis of LETM.”

An extensive workup was performed using blood serologies and autoimmune factors. A CSF analysis found an increased white blood cell count in cerebrospinal fluid.

“The patient was treated with high-dose methylprednisolone IV for 5 days and Ceftriaxone IV,” the authors wrote. After 48 hours, the boy’s symptoms decreased, his CSF bacterial culture was negative and Ceftriaxone was stopped.

He remained on steroids but 2 days later, his neck pain and laterocollis (head tilted to one side) reappeared.

“Our case illustrates that neuroborrelial TM should be treated with long-term [antibiotic] therapy and that steroids do not seem to improve the prognosis.”

Since the patient lived in a tick-endemic area, he was tested for Lyme disease.

“The test results of Borrelia IgG in the blood and intrathecal IgG synthesis were positive, confirming the diagnosis of TM secondary to Lyme disease,” the authors explained.

“The patient reported that he had an erythematous spot in the neck a few months back, which was suggestive of an erythema migrans, but he did not remember that he had suffered from a tick bite,” the authors explained.

After 23 days of treatment with Ceftriaxone and Doxycycline, the patient made a complete recovery.

Authors Conclude:

“After an extensive review of the pediatric literature, we wish to emphasize five aspects of TM secondary to Lyme disease:”

  1. presentation is more often subacute
  2. lesions are mainly located in the cervical spine
  3. gait is usually preserved
  4. sphincter dysfunction is unusual
  5. recovery is usually complete after prolonged antibiotic therapy

The authors suggest: “[Transverse myelitis] in a subacute presentation, gait preservation, a discrepancy between the severe mainly cervical imaging manifestations and the minimal clinical signs and symptoms, and the absence of sphincter dysfunction should raise suspicion of TM secondary to Lyme disease.”

  1. Colot C, Adler C, Mignon C, De Leucio A, Jissendi P, Fonteyne J, Aeby A. Case report: Subacute transverse myelitis with gait preservation secondary to Lyme disease and a review of the literature. Front Pediatr. 2023 Mar 16;11:1064234. doi: 10.3389/fped.2023.1064234. PMID: 37009275; PMCID: PMC10061057.



This patient, like all others presented in the literature, needs extensive follow-up, which never happens in mainstream medicine and/or research.  My hunch is this poor kid will have symptoms later on that will never be connected to this event.  I pray I’m wrong.

Further, nothing is mentioned about coinfections, which are the norm not the exception.