Archive for the ‘Transmission’ Category

Gundersen Still Giving Wrong Advice About Tick Bites

Please see my comment after the article.

https://www.gundersenhealth.org/health-wellness/be-well/how-to-remove-an-embedded-tick/

Removing ticks: The right way and the wrong way

Tick season is here! While most tick bites are harmless, some ticks can carry diseases, such as Lyme disease. Knowing what steps to take following a tick bite can reduce your risk of infection.

Remove the embedded tick as soon as possible. The longer a tick is attached, the higher the risk of transmitting tick-borne illnesses.

Follow these steps:

  • Gently pull the tick out with tweezers by grasping its head as close to the skin as possible.
  • If the head remains, try to remove with a sterile needle.
  • Wash the bite site with soap and water. Rubbing alcohol may be used to disinfect the area.
  • Apply an ice pack to reduce pain.

Avoid the following:

  • Do not grab the tick at the rear of the body
  • Do not twist or jerk tick while pulling it out
  • Do not use alternative methods to remove it; such as fingernail polish, alcohol, petroleum products, or a hot match.

Identify the tick. Take note of the size and color of the tick, whether it was attached to the skin (ticks must bite you to spread their germs), if it was engorged (full of blood) and about how long it was attached. A healthcare provider may ask you these questions if you begin to experience symptoms.

Watch for symptoms. If signs of infection, rash or flu-like symptoms occur within 30 days of the tick bite, seek medical attention.

Remember, a tick that is crawling on you but has not attached to your skin cannot infect you. However, if you find one tick, there could be more. Check your body carefully and use these tips to prevent future bites. Prevention is the best medicine.

If you have questions regarding tick bites or bug bites, contact our 24/7 Nurse Advisor Line at (608) 775-4454.

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**Comment**

Taking the “wait and see” approach has doomed thousands to a life-time of misery.  Wisconsin has a high rate of infected ticks, which simply means you have a higher likelihood of becoming infected. Any risk involved with taking a few weeks of antibiotics is well worth it.  This 5 year old article states:

On average, about 22 percent of deer tick nymphs in Wisconsin have been found to be infected with Borrelia burgdorferi. The infection rate for adults is about twice as high, around 40-45 percent. In some locations, though, researchers have found infection rates as high as 75 percent of the tick population.

I assure you, it’s only getting worse.

ILADS recommends at least 20 days of doxycycline for an acute tick-bite. It’s important to remember that this mono therapy will not cover many of the confections so it’s important to track symptoms and keep in close contact with your doctor – preferably an ILADS-trained doctor who understand the nuances of treatment.  And coinfections are just as bad if not worse than Lyme disease.  Some of these infections can be transmitted within minutes and have a high mortality rate, so each and every tick bite needs to be taken as seriously as a heart attack.

This article is much more thorough.  Please file it away for future reference if you get a tick bite.

Also, go here for prevention methods.

Connecticut Reports its First Case of Tick-borne Powassan Virus in 2022: What to Know

https://www.srgblog.com/connecticut-reports-its-first-case-of-tick-borne-powassan-virus-in-2022-what-to-know/

Connecticut reports its first case of tick-borne Powassan virus in 2022: What to know

By

The Connecticut Department of Public Health announced the state’s first reported Powassan virus infection of the year this past Wednesday. Powassan virus is a rare disease spread by the same tick that causes Lyme disease, according to a recent press release. 

“The identification of a Connecticut resident with Powassan virus associated illness emphasizes the need to take actions to prevent tick bites from now through the late fall,” said Dr. Manisha Juthani, who is the commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Health.

“Using insect repellent, avoiding areas where ticks are likely, and checking carefully for ticks after being outside can reduce the chance of you or your children being infected with this virus.”

Powassan virus, first discovered in Powassan, Ontario in 1958, is usually spread through the bite of an infected black-legged or deer tick, officially known as Ixodes scapularis, and can be transmitted in as little as 15 minutes after a tick bite, but it can take a week up to one month to develop symptoms, per the release. (See link for article)

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SUMMARY:

  • The article regurgitates the myth that it takes 36-48 hours for a tick to transmit Lyme, when minimum transmission times have never been establishedTreat each and every tick bite as seriously as a heart attack.
  • They state infections secondary to Powassan have been recognized.  In fact, there are 19 and counting different infections ticks transmit – and they can transmit them simultaneously.
  • They falsely state that Powassan infections are rare.  What is rare, is they are rarely reportedBig difference.
  • While those who work outdoors are perhaps at greater risk, you can become infected right in your own back yard.
  • The infected Connecticut man had central nervous system symptoms and was hospitalized and diagnosed, but is now recovering at home.
  • Early symptoms look like every other tick-borne illness (headache, flu-like symptoms, and even no symptoms at all) but can rapidly progress to confusion, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking and seizures.
  • Since it’s a virus, mainstream medicine believes there is no effective treatment.  Similarly to COVID, there is.  Please see a Lyme literate doctor asap. 
  • 1 in 10 cases are fatal, with half of survivors experiencing long-term complications.
  • The article falsely states touts the EM or bulls-eye rash as an “early symptom”.  This rash is highly variable and many never get it at all.  To be clear, IF you get the rash you have Lyme disease and should immediately start treatment.  To wait is foolish and irresponsible.
  • The article ends as every single article on TBIs ends – with tick prevention.  It’s sad that I can almost state what these articles say without even reading them.  Same old, same old – nothing new here.

For more: 

 

 

Bill Gates Warns of ‘More Fatal’ COVID Variant & Calls for Pandemic Task Force Helmed by WHO to the Tune of $1 BILLION a Year

https://www.theblaze.com/news/bill-gates-2657245873?

Bill Gates warns of possible ‘more fatal’ COVID variant, calls for pandemic task force helmed by WHO that will cost $1 billion a year

Bill Gates – the software developer – gave an interview to the Financial Times where he rang the alarm about the possibility of a “more fatal” variant of COVID-19. In an interview with the British economic publication, the Microsoft billionaire petitioned for a pandemic response task force that would cost $1 billion. (See link for article)

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SUMMARY:

  • Gates warns of a variant that would be more transmissible and more fatal.
  • Gates called Omicron a “type of a vaccine” that creates both B & T cell immunity, which has done a better job of getting out to the world population than man-made “vaccines.”
  • He warns there will be another pandemic with a different pathogen
  • Gates has been predicting pandemics for years.
  • He has a new book coming out this week where he outlines the need for a firefighter-like pandemic task force named “global epidemic response and mobilization,” or GERM, that would be a part of the WHO and could stop outbreaks of disease from spreading.
    • According to Keean Bexte, writing for The Counter Signal reports:

      Bill Gates has announced the creation of a pandemic “GERM” team that will monitor sovereign nations and decide when they need to suspend people’s civil liberties, force them to wear masks, and close borders.

    • Please read this article on how Gates has been buying the controlling interest in the WHO for over a decade through the Gates Foundation, as well as other organizations and enterprises he funds. As an unelected official, he has been influencing public health policy for decades. Fauci (NIAID), Collins (NIH), and Birx (doctor on the White House Coronavirus Task Force under Trump & sits on the Board of The Global Fund) have financial ties to Gates as well as Moderna, a COVID “vaccine” manufacturer.  The conflicts of interest between Gates and our public health ‘authorities’ is astounding.
    • Newsweek reported:  Bill Gates made a dry joke about tracking people using COVID vaccines while giving a talk about pandemic prevention.
    • If you haven’t read about the proposed WHO “pandemic treaty”, please do because it’s all connected.
    • And speaking of connections: top FDA officials recently wrote in JAMA that an annual COVID shot may soon become the “new normal.”  As if we couldn’t see that one coming a mile away.
  • Gates states about 3,000 full-time employees to the tune of $1 BILLION would be needed and that the WHO is the only group that is credible globally.

http://  Approx. 14 Min

May 4, 2022

http://  Approx. 15 Min

May 1, 2022

Bill Gates, Pandemic Book

Dr. John Campbell goes through Gates’ book “How to Prevent the Next Pandemic” and disagrees with Gates that there will be more seriously virulent and infectious variants of COVID.

Dr. Vanden Bossche: Science vs. Politics

http://  Approx. 14 Min

April 7, 2022

“Never vaccinate people with a live attenuated vaccine as it can cause disease.” 

“The vaccinees are going to be more susceptible to the virus.”

“You are entering into a kind of snow ball effect that is becoming bigger and bigger.”  

“The infectious pressure remains very very high. In that situation you can never, ever end the ‘pandemic.'” ~ Dr. Vanden Bossche

Dana Loesch talks with Dr. Geert Vanden Bossche who has a PHD in virology – and is a certified expert in microbiology and infectious diseases – with a long standing career in human vaccinology, and Dr. Vanden Bossche talks about the evolution from a mild variant (Omicron), to what is now being reported as more deadly variants of SARS CoV-2.

He wrote a paper for his colleagues, warning about the immediate future – so if you’d like to see what Dr. Vanden Bossche had to say about what to expect, see it here: https://uploads-ssl.webflow.com/61600…

Basically, the ‘vaccine’ is causing the immune pressure that allows the virus to evolve, because it doesn’t actually spark your immune system as traditional vaccines do – therefore the virus can survive by evolving and becoming even more severe in an endless cycle, which we can only stop by ending these ‘vaccines’ and turning to viral prophylactics (anti-viral treatments) to deal with and eliminate the threat. If this doesn’t happen the virus wins and more will die.

The data on deaths in countries WHO ARE VACCINATED has been updated with some pretty alarming numbers: https://www.economist.com/graphic-det…

For more:

Congress Supports More Research on Maternal-Fetal Transmission of Lyme

https://www.lymedisease.org/maternal-fetal-lyme-transmission/

Congress supports more research on maternal-fetal transmission of Lyme

Appropriations directives encourage NIH to intensify research on links between Lyme disease during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes

Congress is pleased that NIH has taken action to advance research on maternal-fetal transmission of Lyme disease.

In response, lawmakers have issued a directive that commends NIH officials and encourages them to intensify research on adverse outcomes from Lyme disease during pregnancy and continue collaboration with advocacy organizations to advance research.

The House report for the fiscal year 2022 appropriations bill for NIH that was signed into law on March 15 includes the following directive:

The Committee is gratified that NIH officials have recognized the need for further exploration of maternal-fetal or vertical transmission of Lyme disease and the occurrence of adverse outcomes among women with untreated and disseminated Lyme disease during pregnancy. The Committee encourages NIH to intensify research on adverse outcomes related to Lyme disease during pregnancy and to continue to participate with Lyme advocacy organizations on these issues.”

The Senate report for the bill includes even stronger language that explicitly directs NIH to conduct this type of research:

“The Committee directs NIH to conduct research to better understand modes of transmission for Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, including vertical transmission.”

Collaborations with advocates

An example of NIH collaboration with advocacy organizations was participation in the April 29, 2021 webinar: Lyme Disease and Pregnancy: State of the Science and Opportunities for Research Support.

Presenters included research program managers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

The webinar was hosted by Mothers Against Lyme and co-sponsored by Project Lyme. The event was attended by a wide variety of researchers, research administrators, healthcare professionals, caregivers and advocates.

According to Mothers Against Lyme Chair Isabel Rose, “We had a good response to the webinar and have been following up with researchers to encourage them to contact NIH program managers for guidance on how to submit applications for research grants.”

The webinar was a follow-up to a December 7, 2020 meeting between Mothers Against Lyme and a group of officials and research program managers from NIAID and NICHD.

The goal of the meeting was to establish a working relationship and discuss a formal request for NIH to designate Lyme disease as a high priority perinatal infection of interest.

Notice of special interest

While NIH has yet to make that designation, they issued a notice of special interest that encourages research on “gestational Lyme disease” and the impact of pregnancy on immune response.

During the meeting, the NIH emphasized this type of research was “investigator initiated” and that the “community” could help get the word out to researchers about opportunities for funding and research support.

Rose says, “The webinar and notices of special interest are examples of how NIH can advance this much-needed research. We need NIH to issue similar notices for research to better understand links between Lyme disease and adverse birth outcomes and for research to improve diagnosis and treatment for pregnant women with Lyme and children who are congenitally infected. As a mother who has experienced firsthand the devastating impact of misdiagnosed and untreated Lyme disease on my children and family, I urge NIH to fund and support research that will prevent other families from suffering.”

Rose cites the November 2018 article A Systematic Review on the Impact of Gestational Lyme Disease in Humans on the Fetus and Newborn as an example of why this research is urgently needed. In its meta-analysis, adverse outcomes were noted for 11% of pregnant women treated with antibiotics and 50% of untreated women.  Adverse outcomes included spontaneous miscarriage, fetal death and a range of congenital abnormalities and health issues.

“Anyway you look at it, treated or untreated, the incidence of adverse outcomes is a concern,” says Rose. “In addition to NIH making this research a priority, collaboration with advocacy organizations and other federal agencies is essential to make sure the research is focused on studies that will improve health outcomes for pregnant women and children with Lyme.”

More funding is critical

According to Bruce Fries, President of the Patient Centered Care Advocacy Group and co-founder of Mothers Against Lyme, “NIH participation in the webinar on Lyme disease and pregnancy was a good start. The true test of NIH’s response to this urgent issue is the amount of research they fund on gestational and congenital Lyme that has measurable benefits for patients.”

In a July 2020 letter to NIH Director Francis Collins, Mothers Against Lyme outlined the following objectives for this research:

  1. Improve prevention, diagnosis, testing, and treatment of Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases in pregnant women, infants, and children.
  2. Determine the extent of maternal-fetal transmission and investigate the impact of congenital Lyme disease.
  3. Establish best practices for prevention and treatment of maternal-fetal transmission and congenital Lyme disease.
  4. Understand the social, educational, cognitive, psychological, behavioral, and life outcomes for children infected with Lyme disease.
  5. Increase awareness of common symptom presentations among obstetricians and pediatricians.

To achieve these goals, the letter asks NIH to incorporate input from parents of children with Lyme disease when setting research priorities and requested that patients, advocates, researchers, and physicians with experience treating tick-borne diseases be included as representatives on the Advisory Board/Councils that review grant applications.

The letter said research is needed to:

  1. Assess birth outcomes and monitor growth and development in babies born to mothers with acute, previously treated or late disseminated Lyme disease.
  2. Determine the appropriate antibiotic regimen to prevent transmission of Lyme disease from mother to fetus.
  3. Examine the effects of pregnancy on immune response and symptoms.
  4. Assess the immunological response in children who are congenitally infected with Lyme disease.
  5. Evaluate the role co-infections play in the diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease in pregnant women and in children who may have acquired Lyme disease in utero or through tick bites.

The letter also urged NIH to authorize longitudinal studies on the risks of developmental disorders and other long-term impacts of untreated or insufficiently treated Lyme disease in children that address the following areas:

  1. Social, educational, cognitive, psychological, behavioral, and life outcomes for children infected with Lyme disease in utero or in childhood.
  2. Common neuropsychiatric presentations of congenital and primary Lyme disease in children.
  3. Educational needs of children affected with Lyme disease, with recommendations for school accommodations that allow for treatment of neuropsychiatric and physical disease.

Fries adds, “We look forward to ongoing collaboration with NIH, the research community and other advocacy organizations to advance this much needed research.  Mothers, children, and families whose lives have been disrupted by the devastating effects of Lyme and associated tick-borne diseases are counting on NIH to provide solutions by making this a high priority and by supporting scientific research and evidence-based policy.”

About Mothers Against Lyme

We’re a group of mothers, and mother-advocates, who are concerned about the impact of Lyme disease and its co-infections on pregnant women, children and families. Our focus includes awareness, education, advocacy and community building, as we promote research that advances diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

PRESS RELEASE SOURCE: Mothers Against Lyme

For more:

Lyme-Carrying Ticks in West Differ From Their Eastern Cousins

https://www.lymedisease.org/ixodes-pacificus-review/

LYME SCI: Lyme-carrying ticks in West differ from their Eastern cousins

March 21, 2022

By Lonnie Marcum

In most of the United States, a tick called Ixodes scapularis carries Lyme disease. However, in the Western states, there’s a different culprit—Ixodes pacificus—also known as the Western blacklegged tick.

A recent review article provides new insight into the pathogens carried by and diseases caused by Ixodes pacificus. The behavior, habitat and pathogens transmitted by the Western blacklegged tick differ from its Eastern cousin.

Notably, the authors state, ”I. pacificus carry several pathogens of human significance, such as Borrelia burgdorferi, Bartonella, and Rickettsiales.” (McVicar et al, 2022)

The authors, from the University of Nevada, published their report in a special issue of journal Pathogens. The article is entitled “Current Research on Hard Tick-Borne Diseases.”

The reviewers do a fantastic job of describing the ecological diversity and complex nature of ticks found in the Western US.

In fact, there are up to 20 different species of Ixodes (hard bodied) ticks reported in California alone. However, Ixodes pacificus is the only known vector for Lyme disease along the West Coast.

The additional hard tick species endemic to the West include Ixodes spinipalpis, I. angustus, I. neotomae, and I. jellisoni. Although these ticks prefer to feed on rodents, both I. spinipalpis and I. agustus occasionally bite humans.

Habitat

As pictured below, the Western blacklegged tick is well established throughout most of California, the coastal regions of Oregon and Washington, and parts of southern Nevada, northern Arizona and western Utah.

Note: Counties classified as “established” are those where six or more I. pacificus of a single life stage or more than one life stage of the tick were collected in the county within any 12-month period.

The ideal habitat for I. pacificus is one that is sheltered from hot, dry summers. Research has shown nymphal I. pacificus numbers start to decline when temperatures exceed 73º F (23º C), and average daily humidity drops below 83 – 85%. Excessive heat between 90º – 104º F (32º – 40º C) begins to kill off ticks.

The preferred microclimate includes moist, shady areas provided by trees, shrubs, leaf litter or undergrowth. I. pacificus are often found amongst dense oak woodlands, but they can also be found near beaches, and on rocks and picnic tables.

The full range of the Western blacklegged tick extends from Baja California, Mexico, to British Columbia, Canada, but not all of those areas have been thoroughly studied. The process of “active tick surveillance” is quite labor-intensive, and requires funding often not provided to vector-control districts.

Another method of tracking ticks can be done by citizens finding and reporting ticks themselves. This “passive surveillance” technique, as the authors point out, can sometimes give a broader picture from counties that do not conduct active surveillance.

Ticks found where previously undetected

For example, a Northern Arizona University study funded by Bay Area Lyme Disease Foundation received over16,000 ticks from 49 states between 2016-2017. In that study, blacklegged ticks were found in 83 counties (in 24 states) where they had not previously been recorded. (Nieto et al, 2018)

Another recent study looked at crowdsourced images submitted to “TickSpotters” between 2014-2019.  The tick image submissions identified potentially nine new counties of occurrence for I. pacificus across five states including: Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Idaho. (Kopsco et al, 2021)

Lifecycle

The lifecycle of Ixodes pacificus ticks generally lasts three years, compared to the I. scapularis which has a two-year life span. During this time, they go through four life stages: egg, larva, nymph, and adult.

After the eggs hatch, the ticks must have a blood meal at every stage to survive.

Blacklegged ticks can feed on mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The ticks need a new host at each stage of their life. If the host is infected with a pathogen, any tick feeding on that animal will become infected as well.

Although rare, larval ticks may be infectious from birth as some tick-borne pathogens may be transmitted from the female tick to her eggs. This is called transovarial transmission.

Pathogens

The paper lists the pathogens and reservoir hosts associated with I. pacificus, accompanied by countless references. For those interested in full details, I recommend reading the review. This table recaps the authors’ second table, followed by a short recap of their findings. (McVicar et al, 2022)

Anaplasmosis

Anaplasmosis, also known as human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), is caused by the Anaplasma phagocytophilum bacterium (previously known as Ehrlichia phagocytophila or Ehrlichia equi).

It belongs to a larger group of bacteria known as Rickettsia, which infect white blood cells. I. pacificus is a vector for anaplasmosis in the western US. The infection rate of nymphal and adult I. pacificus ticks is 1% and 10% respectively.

Babesiosis

Babesiosis is a disease caused by a malaria-like parasite called Babesia, which infects red blood cells.

As I recently wrote, North America is “ground zero” for Babesiosis, a disease that can be passed from mother to unborn child and through blood transfusions.

On the East Coast, I. scapularis is the vector for babesiosis. On the West Coast, I. pacificus is the predicted vector for babesiosis, but researchers have been unable to confirm this.

One study that collected ticks from multiple sites in California found 3% of I. pacificus ticks were infected with Babesia odocoilei. This is an emerging pathogen not listed on the CDC website as a cause of babesiosis.

The authors state, “Although there is substantive evidence that ixodid ticks on the west coast (i.e., Ixodes angustus, Ixodes pacificus, and Ixodes spinipalpis) are vectors of B. duncani, this has not been yet experimentally confirmed.”  (McVicar et al, 2022)

Bartonellosis

Bartonella is a bacterium carried by many types of human-biting arthropods including fleas, flies, lice, ticks, and chiggers. In one California study, 19% of ticks tested positive for Bartonella.

“Molecular analysis showed a variety of Bartonella strains, which were closely related to cattle Bartonella and several known human-pathogenic Bartonella species and subspecies: B. henselae, B. quintana, B. washoensis, and B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, suggesting that I. pacificus adults could be a source for Bartonella infections in humans,” as stated by the authors. (McVicar et al, 2022)

Ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis is a term that describes several different bacterial diseases caused by a group of intracellular bacteria called Ehrlichia. These pathogens cause two groups of human infections, called human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE.)

While the pathogens that cause HME and HGE are different, the symptoms of the disease are similar. Left untreated, both HME and HGE can be life-threatening.

I. pacificus ticks can carry both diseases. The average infection rate of HME and HGE in California’s I. pacificus ticks is 3.4% and 2.0% respectively.

Lyme disease

Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.), a spirochete, causes Lyme disease in North America. The CDC estimates that 476,000 people contract Lyme every year in the US. That’s nearly 5 million cases in the past 10 years, making it the most important vector-borne disease in the nation.

There has been a great deal of research on Lyme disease in California, beginning with the pioneering work of Willy Burgdorfer, Bob Lane and Alan Barbour in the early 1980s.

On the west coast, in addition to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (s.s.), there are four additional Borrelia species within the B. burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) complex. These include B. americana, B. bissettiae, B. californensis, and B. laneithe latter named after Bob Lane for his discovery.  However, B. burgdorferi s.s. is currently the only one of these recognized as causing Lyme disease.

Compare this to the eastern half of the country, with B. burgdorferi s.s. also causing Lyme disease, and only three additional species in the B. burgdorferi s.l complex: B. andersonii, B. kurtenbachii, and B. mayonii. (B. mayonii is also recognized as causing Lyme disease.)

Hard ticks can also carry one species of relapsing fever Borrelia—Borrelia miyamotoi. All other species of relapsing fever borreliosis are believed to be carried by soft ticks.

Several studies in and around the San Francisco Bay Area  have shown that the average infection rate of B. miyamotoi (5.1%) in I. pacificus ticks is higher than the rate of B. burgdorferi (1.3%). Although, depending on the location, infection rates for B. miyamotoi and B. burgdorferi can be as high as 17% and 6% respectively.

Co-infections

Co-infection with multiple pathogens is possible in animal hosts and ticks. Thus, a single tick bite can infect a human with more than one pathogen.

One study found that 14% of grey squirrels, a common host to I. pacificus ticks, were co-infected with B. burgdorferi and Anaplasma. Another study from Washington state found I. pacificus ticks co-infected with B. burgdorferi, B. miyamotoi. and Anaplasma.

In a more recent study, researchers tested ticks for up to five pathogens. In one area of California, infection rates were as high as 31%. (Salkeld et al, 2021)

While Lyme disease accounts for over 80% of all tick-borne cases in the U.S., spotted fever rickettsiosis, babesiosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis have also seen an increase over the past four decades.

It’s important for researchers and clinicians to know which pathogens co-exist in all regions of the U.S., including the West coast.

Conclusion

As climate changes, tick ecology changes. The authors recommend, “To fully understand these systems, interdisciplinary teams with expertise in tick biology, tick genetics and genomics, computational biology, geography, meteorology, veterinary and human health, as well as vector-control districts and public health, need to work together.”  (McVicar et al, 2022)

A great deal of work has been carried out on ticks in California. However, surveillance and ecological research is lacking in the other Western states.

LymeSci is written by Lonnie Marcum, a Licensed Physical Therapist and mother of a daughter with Lyme. She serves on a subcommittee of the federal Tick-Borne Disease Working Group. Follow her on Twitter: @LonnieRhea  Email her at: lmarcum@lymedisease.org.

Reference

Kopsco H,  Duhaime R, Mather T, (2021) Crowdsourced Tick Image-Informed Updates to U.S. County Records of Three Medically Important Tick Species, Journal of Medical Entomology.  58:6; 2412–2424, https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab082

McVicar M, Rivera I, Reyes JB, Gulia-Nuss M. (2022) Ecology of Ixodes pacificus Ticks and Associated Pathogens in the Western United States. Pathogens. 2022 Jan 13;11(1):89. doi: 10.3390/pathogens11010089. PMID: 35056037; PMCID: PMC8780575.

Nieto NC, Porter WT, Wachara JC, Lowrey TJ, Martin L, Motyka PJ, et al. (2018) Using citizen science to describe the prevalence and distribution of tick bite and exposure to tick-borne diseases in the United States. PLoS ONE 13(7): e0199644. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199644

Salkeld D.J., Lagana D.M., Wachara J., Porter W.T., Nieto N.C. (2021) Examining prevalence and diversity of tick-borne pathogens in questing Ixodes pacificus ticks in California. Appl Environ Microbiol. Apr23:00319-21. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00319-21. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33893109.

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For more:

There’s an important link with the accepted narrative about”climate change” and the current COVID debacle.  If you are unaware of this connection, please take the time to go down a dark rabbit-hole that connects the dots. This news story reports on the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) ESG score, (environment, social, and corporate governance) which is similar to a credit score and is centered around sustainability & ethics.  Currently given only to corporations, it isn’t a stretch to imagine this extended to individuals. Like everything else, the system is subjective to whomever decides what “ethical, diverse, and sustainable” is.  The scores can change on a whim. Companies are changing slogans, censoring content, firing controversial people, and modifying behavior to ingratiate themselves to those in power. This system is already being used in China.

In this recent article, we learn about the WHO’s “pandemic treaty” which would yet further erode individual and medical freedom under the guise of pandemic preparedness and control.  Keep in mind the WHO already changed the definition of what a pandemic is that essentially allows them to proclaim any disease they deem a threat a ‘pandemic,’ despite the fact it doesn’t cause mass casualties.

You may ask what this has to do with climate change.  Everything.
The climate change moniker is a ruse for a huge power grab in terms in money and control.

While the world was distracted by Will Smith, the internal elite met at the World Government Summit (WGS) in Dubai where World Economic Forum (WEF) head Klaus Schwab and ilk spoke of a “longer-term narrative” to make the world “more resilient, more inclusive, and more sustainable.”

The WGS spent considerable time discussing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which form the core of the Agenda 2030, (formerly Agenda 21) itself part of The Great Reset agenda, as well as topics like Blockchain, AI, 6G, and Human Meta-Cities, a rebranding of the so-called Smart Cities.

Go here for a wonderful explanation of Agenda 2030.

Within the video you learn that Agenda 2030 is about inventory & control of all resources of the world:
food, water, energy, land, production, education, construction, yes, even people. The plan will clear out rural areas and relocate people to large cities where people will be tightly controlled, monitored, and managed with intrusive technology.  It will enforce Communitarianism – ruled by governments and companies: where the needs of the community trump individual rights and freedoms (which we are already seeing with COVID).  Dissidents will be outcasts – which we’ve also already experienced with COVID injection apartheid.

No less than 14 out of 17 sustainable development goals SDGs include vaccination or immunization.
What does vaccination have to do with green economies?

Schwab’s “the 4th Industrial Revolution,” is the “digital panopticon of the future, where digital surveillance is omnipresent and humanity uses digital technology to alter our lives. Often associated with terms like the Internet of Things, the Internet of Bodies, the Internet of Humans, and the Internet of Senses, this world will be powered by 5G and 6G technology.”  (Please note many believe this technology is dangerous to the human body and remains untested for adverse effects)

The truly frightening discussion was titled: The Invisible Government: Eliminating Bureaucracy Through Technology: “What goes unsaid in the panel description is that making the government “invisible” will actually lead to a world of no accountability for government and politicians. In reality, the Technocrats imagine a world where the tyrannical technological systems are invisible and the average person has zero recourse for preventing exclusion or punishment based on their social credit score.”

While few argue that the climate changes, as it always has since the beginning of time, many climate experts defy the accepted narrative and state political games are being played to create policy. Further, according to Pat Michaels, former president of the American Association of State Climatologists, it has warmed up around 1 degree Celsius since 1900, and life expectancy has doubled. Climatologists have also debunked that “global warming” is making storms worse and that carbon dioxide is harmful.

What is very real; however, is the concerted effort to engineer the earth’s climate.  Dane Wigington states “geoengineering must be considered weather and biological warfare due to the endless list of catastrophic downstream impacts and effects.”  He also states: “That massive covert government programs have been playing “God” with the biosphere for well over 60 years, perhaps even longer. In recent years the scope and scale of these devastating weather modification programs has been ramped up so much that the entire climate system and biosphere is now hanging in the balance.”

Excerpt:

Polymer nanofibers are a component of these operations. The science community has now confirmed that microplastics have been found in human blood and farm animals. These puzzle pieces are not hard to connect for any that conduct objective investigation. New studies now also confirm that plastic pollution could “make much of humanity infertile”. How well would this serve the objectives of those in power? Engineered winter weather and temperature whiplash scenarios are continuing wherever and whenever the climate engineers have compatible conditions for carrying out the highly toxic chemical ice nucleation cloud seeding operations. In the meantime the weather makers are relentlessly cutting off the flow of rain from the Western US. Crop production is being crushed while the stage is being set for yet another summer of record wildfires. What will it take for a greater percentage of the population to look up and connect the dots?”  source

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rf78rEAJvhY  Video Here

The Dimming

Full Length Climate Engineering Documentary