Archive for the ‘Testing’ Category

A Modern Holistic Protocol for Lyme Disease

Please read my review of this article at the end.



My Review:

Red flags immediately go up when someone calls it “Lymes Disease,” because it announces the fact they are ignorant of the fact it all started in the town of Lyme, Connecticut with a cluster of cases in children who were misdiagnosed with juvenile arthritis (JA).  It’s Lyme disease, named after the town of Lyme.  Please go here for an excellent video by an experienced Lyme literate doctor on the history of Lyme disease, of which manifestations began long before this cluster of children.  Go here for a summary of the video and other important facts important to understand that not mentioned in Biomante’s  article that explain the sordid backstory, the reason Lyme/MSIDS research being used is fraudulent, and completely biased, the flagrant conflicts of interest within the agencies controlling the Lyme narrative, and The Cabal doing the only accepted research that does not take into account global research and independent research showing the organism persists despite treatment.

Regarding cases, this article is way off.  Reporting has been a problem from the beginning as the surveillance criteria has such a high bar that hardly anyone meets it.  Getting a positive on the 2-tiered CDC testing is akin to winning the lotteryThe world at large now knows that Lyme is woefully under-reported.  Nobody has a clue about coinfections.  To continue to regurgitate these unrealistically low numbers doesn’t help anyone and only demonstrates ignorance.  I also don’t appreciate the same mythology regarding where Lyme exists.  This has also been a problem and is a perfect example of bad science continuing to be used. Lyme is literally everywhere.  That’s all you need to know.  Don’t continue to downplay this.  It’s a plague of biblical proportions.

Regarding the research at the University of Connecticut finding only 53% had Bb and were misdiagnosed with Lyme arthritis, this too remains highly dubious.  All testing for this illusive organism is abysmal – plus current two-tiered CDC testing only tests for ONE strain when there are 100 strains and counting in the U.S. alone.  More are found on a regular basis.  Testing won’t pick of any of these other strains.  All parameters for case numbers are faulty.  

He announces that there is “hysteria” regarding the disease.  This immediately raises my blood pressure.  He truly is clueless.  This continued downplaying of a life-shattering, complex illness has been going on for over 40 years due to vested interests and faulty science needs to end.  The “untreatable form of Lyme disease could hit 2 million Americans,” and that isn’t even taking into account global numbers.  Lyme disease is more prevalent than AIDS, breast cancer, West Nile virus, H1N1, and Ebola.  He doesn’t mention that Lyme is congenitally transmitted and there is evidence being ignored that it is also sexually transmitted.

Biamonte’s description of the symptoms also shows his inexperience.  Lyme can virtually look like anything and mimic some 300-different diseases.  While some get the EM rash, many don’t.  The rash can also look quite differently on patients.  Strain diversity appears to make a difference regarding symptoms, with some strains causing more skin manifestations and some causing more joint manifestations – regardless, it is wrong to attempt to put this monster in a neat four-cornered box.  Further, ticks are migrating everywhere, intermingling, and nobody has a clue what that is going to do to strain diversity and symptomology.  Again, this hasn’t been studied in decades because according to The Cabal, it’s a done deal.  No further science required. 

Can you think of any other disease in which this attitude of ignorance is allowed and accepted?

I would also urge caution in blaming the black legged tick as the sole perp.  Since Bb and its many strains and all the coinfections are extremely fastidious organisms, early work as been done and then used again and again and again for decades.  Time for new, independently done science with new methods.  We desperately need transmission studies as the ones being used are decades old.  Ticks all bite, exchange fluids and have the potential to transmit diseases.  Don’t diminish the tick’s ability to side-line your life with things you never even knew existed!

The explanation of the 3 stages of the life cycles of ticks is also simplified.  It is known ticks can partially feed, drop off, and then transmit much more quickly  to the next victim.  We know ticks can parasitize each other. We know that ticks can survive harsh environments by burying under leaf litter and snow (or anything else they can find like wood chips in a playground). They also go through a hibernation period called diapause.  Ticks can also pass on infections to their offspring. There is much we don’t know – especially regarding transmission.

I would caution against using percentages of infected ticks to prove a point.  Remember, it only takes ONE tick, ONE bite, and your life could be changed forever.  Each tick is a potential bomb capable of infecting you with 19 and counting diseases.

The regurgitation that a tick must be attached for 36-48 hours to transmit infection is based on faulty science.  Minimum times for infection have never been determined.  It also does not take into account the fact pathogens have been found in the salivary glands, suggesting a much quicker transmission time, and that ticks often partially feed, drop off, and can infect you quicker.  Very old research is being used again, and again, and again, when reality has shown people getting infected within a few hours.  This mythology continues to downplay a modern-day scourge by using ancient data.  Some tick-borne infections can be transmitted within minutes.  Many of them look just like Lyme.  Another mistake is to focus solely on Lyme.  In my experience Babesia, Bartonella, and Mycoplasm are as bad if not worse than Lyme.  If you are infected with a few of these suckers at once, you are one sick dog.  And in my experience, this is the norm.

The section on “Lyme Disease Symptoms” again demonstrates this man’s inexperience.  Hardly anyone I know fits his limited list.  Again, research has shown the EM rash to be highly variable, and hardly ANYONE I work with has seen it.  Most also haven’t seen the tick.  Patients and their doctors often work completely in the dark, and what often happens is over time is bizarre unexplainable symptoms start cropping up more and more until life becomes unbearable.  At this point Bb and coinfections are virtually everywhere in the human bodyheavily entrenched and therefore, harder to treat.  This is reality. 

Also, people can jump from stage to stage in no particular order.  Some will experience psychiatric symptoms IMMEDIATELY and never have the rash, fever, joint pain, etc. 

In Stage II, Biamonte states about 10% will experience transient heart dysfunction.  Again, it’s very unwise to use percentages when testing misses a preponderance of cases and the organism is elusive. This study found an increasing burden of Lyme carditis in U.S. children’s hospitals.  Many are questioning if there could be subclinical cardiac involvement in early Lyme with children, and that’s another fly in the ointment.  Most testing won’t pick up problems with these patients because their symptoms are subclinical, yet they are severe to the patient. If I had a nickel for every time a patient told me the test didn’t find anything, I’d be a rich woman.  Just because testing didn’t reveal something, doesn’t mean something isn’t there.  This is truly the norm with tick-borne illness.  I didn’t start having heart issues until we started treating for Babesia and then all of a sudden, BOOM!  It felt like I was having a heart attack.  This is another reality.  Until you start utilizing anti-microbials, the immune system is confused and unable to deal with these infections because they fool the immune system by changing their outer surface proteins to look like the good guys.  Further, so many are misdiagnosed that percentages are meaningless.  Seriously.  Meaningless.  There are thousands out there who have Lyme carditis who have completely fallen through the cracks.  Thousands.

He states symptoms will decrease in weeks to months WITHOUT treatment.  It’s obvious he is reading Wormser and other Cabalist’s research as this is what they believe; however, in the real world symptoms wax and wane but never totally go away, and left untreated with only become more entrenched in the body.  Again, this illness often takes years to unravel.  Waxing and waning is a marquee symptom with tick-borne illness, but without treatment it will metastasize everywhere in the human body.  There is a connection with Lyme/MSIDS and cancer as well as brain diseases like ALS, dementia, Alzheimer’s, MS, etc.  Left untreated, the parasites will continue to live off the host weakening it year by year until they are a shell of themself. 

He states 10% will suffer chronic arthritis.  Let me be clear: nobody has a clue about the prevalence of arthritis in these poor patients.  Not a clue.  Putting this in a box, unless it’s Pandora’s is the biggest mistake being made. 

Regarding treatment, he omits to mention that even people diagnosed and treated early can require further treatment as symptoms return.  This is very common. 

He mentions direct testing being a “low-yield” procedure as so few organisms are found, but that “surely someone, somewhere is working to develop such an early test, probably based upon the DNA of the microorganism.”  This too shows the ignorance of the history of the suppression of direct detection techniques.  In fact a test has been found to be highly accurate but our corrupt public health “authorities” monopolize testing, and have done unethical things against competitors for decades.  Public health owns the patents on the organisms, the tests, the treatments, and the vaccines.  It’s a business, not a public health agency concerned with healthThis is imperative to understand.

He does mention the success of metronidazole or one of the other 5-nitroimidazoles in heavier does for a longer period of time.  I would agree, but never as a mono therapy.  Savvy Lyme literate doctors have learned from vast experience with thousands upon thousands of patients to layer treatment, never utilizing a mono therapy, to avoid antibiotic resistance.  Again, coinfections are common place and require different medications including anti-protozoan meds, anthelmintics, and more. The potential for candida should also be taken into account and dealt with.

Regarding the use of colloidal silver for Lyme, I completely disagree. This recent study shows stevia, Andrographis, Grapefruit seed extract, colloidal silver, monolaurin, and antimicrobial peptide LL37 didn’t do diddly.  Keep in mind this work is done in vitro – or in a lab, not the human body – although this follows my personal experience as well. This 2004 study shows that 3 samples of colloidal silver of 22 ppm and two samples of 403 and 413 ppm in an agar-well diffusion assay showed ZERO effect on the growth of test organisms but ALL were sensitive to ciprofloxacin.  Silver at 22ppm showed NO bactericidal activity in phenol coefficient tests.

The patients he mentions have already been treated with many antibiotics and have developed candida issues (not uncommon).  He doesn’t mention how long these patients were treated, which would be helpful to know.  Please know that a wise treatment would address candida along the way.  We took fluconazole twice a week throughout our treatment course along with a low or no sugar diet. 

I personally know patients that used silver and the result was they ended up wheel-chair bound.  They only worsened and worsened. 

He mentions research done in the 90’s showing that colloidal silver killed Bb after 24 hours of exposure.  The other research mentioned is from the 70’s.  If it was so effective, much more would have been done and trust me, desperate patients and the doctors who dare treat them would be using it, and they are not.  To claim that silver is virtually non-toxic is also premature.  Little has been done on it – particularly using it over long periods of time.  Again, metals are not harmless and accumulate in the body.  

I’m a huge proponent of using silver topically on wounds, etc.  Hospitals have shown the effectiveness of this substance for decades for cleaning and sterilizing objects topically.  Sometimes I will even use it to ward off a cold by spraying it on my throat for a few days.  Sometimes it appears to work and other times it doesn’t, which is only my personal observation.

Some claim that utilizing it along with antibiotics, potentiates the antibiotics.  My concern would be putting metals in a body already struggling.  Metals, after all, accumulate.  In fact, many Lyme/MSIDS and autism patients improve by using chelation which removes heavy metals. 

He states that artemisia has been used effectively for Lyme.  I would disagree.  This is an anti-malarial medicine that has action against Babesia, which is a cousin to malaria – a protozoan.  Due to the repeated mistakes in his article and the downplaying of the seriousness of this complex illness, I question his experience with not only being able to identify coinfections and their symptomology, but also the importance of treating each infection with specific antimicrobials that have action against it.

From clinical observation, Cat’s Claw is effective against Lyme; however, there is debate in the herbal world about the need for TOA free vs the whole herb.  Again, I’m not qualified to enter this debate, but Master herbalists write on it with conviction both ways.  In the end, we often are forced to experiment to determine the truth of the matter and even then patients often have different findings, reminding us of the complexity of the human body.  In the end, whatever works for you – USE IT! 

While it is wise is to rotate meds, savvy Lyme literate doctors have a method to their madness and pay close attention to the life-cycle of the organism as well as the plateaus patients experience.  Rotating, while important to guard against drug resistance, it is also important to layer treatments so they work synergistically together – also negating resistance and effectively dealing with coinfections and candida.

I have used Banderol and Biocidin with little effect.  I’m sure others have had a better experience, but one again – treatment should always be an individualized approach. 

Regarding length of treatment, one of the wisest, most experienced LLMD’s in Wisconsin (RIP) told me that in the 70’s when he treated this illness they labeled a “rickettsial” like illness –  as it wasn’t even named yet, he found that a few months to a year of treatment appeared to work.  He now states treating this takes YEARS – like 3-5 years.  So, according to this wise, experienced doctor, things have changed making this harder to treat.  Perhaps coinfection involvement has become more of a problem than in the past.

Please remember that according to the article, most of the patients Biamonte treats are seeing him for Candida AFTER they have already been treated for Lyme/MSIDS.  This would explain why he is perhaps seeing success after only one year.  They’ve already been treated, perhaps for years by someone else.  They have successfully beaten down and reduced the infection load and are now struggling with Candida, immunoconfusion, and the last vestiges of infections that have already been hit hard by antibiotics. 

Finally, it’s important to remember that this doctor is seeing patients that are suffering with significant blow-back.  His experience is going to be biased in this direction.  I wish he would stick with helping people recover from treatment that out of necessity is harsh (until something else is discovered) but not superimposing his beliefs that the treatments are wrong, or that colloidal silver is the answer to all our woes.

The fact that these patients are recovering in a year shows me that these patients are well on their way to health but need specialized help in dealing with damage caused by either the infections themselves, the harsh treatment required, or a combination of both. This problem is also quite common.

LymeX Prize Competition Announces Ten Phase 1 Winners

LymeX prize competition announces ten Phase 1 winners

Carl Tuttle

Hudson, NH, United States

NOV 30, 2022 — 

Please see the following letter sent to all winners of the LymeX prize…

———- Original Message ———-
To: “” <>
Cc: The Tick-Borne Disease Working group and all winners of the LymeX prize
Date: 11/30/2022 1:12 PM
Subject: LymeX prize competition announces ten Phase 1 winners

November 7, 2022

LymeX prize competition announces ten Phase 1 winners

“The ultimate goal of the multiphase competition is to nurture the development of diagnostics toward Food and Drug Administration review.” 

To all winners of the Phase 1 LymeX Diagnostics Prize competition,

After spending the last thirteen years studying the mishandling of Lyme disease, I felt compelled to share the following facts (and supporting documentation) regarding prior attempts to introduce “new and/or improved” diagnostic detection methods. I concluded that a chronic relapsing seronegative disease does not fit the business model of vaccine development, patent royalties and pharmaceutical profits so laboratory confirmation of persistent infection after antibiotic treatment must be squelched/suppressed at all costs.


1. Culture: Advanced Laboratory Services

Barbara J.B. Johnson, microbiologist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention claimed laboratory contamination in reference to positive test results (Chronic Lyme) found in Advanced Laboratory Services’ Borrellia culture test. If this is the case, why didn’t the CDC work with Advanced Laboratory Services to perfect its culture test and resolve the so-called “contamination” issues?

New Lyme Culture Test Failed CDC Analysis Aug 20, 2013

New CDC/FDA Warning Against Unapproved Lyme Culture Test

“Dr. Nelson emphasized that for Lyme disease diagnosis, the CDC recommends a 2-step process of serologic testing: first, an FDA-cleared enzyme immunoassay, followed in immunoassay-positive or equivocal cases by confirmatory Western blot. Only patients positive on both tests are considered to have Lyme disease.”

Carl Tuttle’s comment: Current FDA approved Lyme disease tests (Antibody tests) cannot be used to gauge treatment failure or success which makes them ideal for concealing an antibiotic resistant/tolerant superbug allowing the thirty-year-old dogma to remain intact.

2. PCR testing:

We have seen similar actions from the CDC with PCR testing as well. In May of 2012 the CDC announced the Development of a Novel Genus-specific Real-time PCR Assay for Detection and Differentiation of Bartonella Species and Genotypes:

Here the CDC is using PCR for a definitive diagnosis of Bartonella however, according to the CDC and the ALDF group on June 11, 2012 PCR cannot be used for Lyme diagnosis per the CDC expert commentary posted on Medscape below:

PCR for Diagnosis of Lyme Disease: Is It Useful? Christina A. Nelson, MD, MPH

Quotes from Christa Nelson: (Medical Officer in the Bacterial Diseases Branch of CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Disease)

“Is PCR useful for the diagnosis of Lyme disease? In general, the answer is no.”

“Two-tiered serology remains the mainstay of laboratory testing for Lyme disease.”

Carl Tuttle’s comment: PCR is acceptable for Bartonella but not Lyme disease. Double standard here?

3. Nested PCR and DNA sequencing: Milford Molecular Diagnostics

In September of 2012 the CDC entered into an agreement with Dr. Sin Lee to evaluate the viability of his DNA sequencing technology. Martin E. Schriefer, Ph.D., the chief of the CDC’s diagnostic and reference laboratory, stated the following: (from the attached court document)

“So wherever possible we encouraged and required other non-serologic-based tests in addition to clinical presentation so that might have included PCR or culture or both. . . . And again I’m looking forward to seeing a greater utilization of PCR as a diagnostic tool in the future.” -Martin E. Schriefer, Ph.D.

When Dr. Lee published a case of persistent infection (Chronic Lyme disease) in 2014 all communication with the CDC ended abruptly with no explanation.

DNA Sequencing Diagnosis of Off-Season Spirochetemia with Low Bacterial Density in Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia miyamotoi Infections

Carl Tuttle’s Comment: It should be noted that the chronic Lyme disease case identified in this publication was found in blind-coded serum samples sent to Dr. Lee’s laboratory from the CDC’s Lyme disease serum repository and other species of Borrelia were found within these samples using DNA sequencing; the CDC had no idea that multiple pathogens were involved.

Has the CDC purposely discredited other innovative technologies which are in competition to the invention being patented by Theresa M. Russell and Barbara J.B. Johnson of the NCEZID under Pub. No. WO 2013110026 A1 entitled “Compositions and methods relating to Lyme disease”?

Dr. Lee although participated in the competition, was not awarded the LymeX prize. Does anyone believe that this decision was just a coincidence?


New Experimental Test Detects Signs of Lyme Disease Near Time of Infection February 11, 2016

“The current standard blood test for Lyme disease exposes the infection only after antibodies have accumulated to detectable levels, which can take up to 4 to 6 weeks. If patients exhibit a telltale bull’s-eye rash, diagnosis and treatment can begin earlier. But the rash does not occur in 20 to 30 percent of Lyme disease patients, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Rather than waiting for an infected person’s immune system to produce noticeable amounts of antibodies, the team chose to home in on the bacteria itself—specifically, proteins the bug sheds when attacked by the body’s defenses.

“From many candidates, we chose one that is both easily distinguished from human serum proteins and an unambiguous indicator of the bacteria,” Turko says. “This protein, which resides on the outer surface of membranes, became the target of our search in serum samples.”

Carl Tuttle’s comment: Response from Dr Illarion Turko; “This project did not receive further development and is on-hold for now.”

So, who at the CDC got to Dr. Turko and discouraged further development?

Other examples of interference/intimidation

In 2008 Nordin Zeidner published his study regarding single dose Doxycycline for tick bite. Pamela Weintraub interviewed Zeidner for her book:

Cure Unknown (Revised Edition): Inside the Lyme Epidemic

By Pamela Weintraub


“Immunologist Nordin Zeidner, chief of the CDC’s Vector-Host laboratory in Fort Collins, Colorado, told me internal agency studies had found the strategy questionable, and definitely ineffective in mice.”

“With the support of his CDC colleagues, Zeidner had begun to work with industry to develop an alternative: a form of injectable Doxy that could be sustained in the body for nineteen days.”

“Trying his formulation on mice, Zeidner found that 100 percent were protected from Lyme as well as the coinfection, anaplasmosis.”

“…..single dose doxy stopped Lyme disease not in 87% of mice, but rather, in 20 to 30 percent at most.


Dr Gary Wormser of New York Medical College (who has controlled the Lyme disease narrative for the past three decades) published a study earlier promoting the use of single dose Doxy for tick bite. (See Wormser’s 2001 flawed NEJM article)

I understand that it was Wormser who called Zeidner’s superiors at the CDC to put an end to Zeidner’s work. Zeidner was told to discard the mice sera instead of testing for antibodies as he had promised.

Zeidner’s research was terminated for “lack of industrial support” Mead, and he was promoted, and his email address inactivated. The CDC stopped his research and sent him to Europe

I have attached Zeidner’s 2008 study for your review:

A sustained-release formulation of doxycycline hyclate (Atridox) prevents simultaneous infection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi transmitted by tick bite

Questions for LymeX prize competition winners:

Are all of you confident that the current pandemic was handled properly by our Public Health Officials? Was diagnostic testing controlled/manipulated in any way? Have lifesaving therapies been suppressed over pharmaceutical profits (vaccines)?

I ask the competition winners to be suspect of HHS oversight for this LymeX prize competition and if any dishonest/suspicious activity is experienced as described previously in this letter, please seek early legal counsel, (perhaps collectively) and involve your state senators to expose the ongoing corruption hell bent at maintaining the false thirty-year Lyme disease narrative: “Lyme is Hard to Catch and Easily Treated” (with a 2-4wk antibiotic treatment mandated by the Infectious Diseases Society of America)

Respectfully submitted,

Carl Tuttle
Hudson, NH

Cc: All LymeX prize competition winners, All members of the 2022 Tick-Borne Disease Working Group, the Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation

More examples of interference/manipulation as reported through the experience of a clinician on the front lines:

2018 ILADS Webinar – History of Lyme Disease by Joseph J. Burrascano, Jr. MD. (Video Recording)  Summary:

Joseph Burrascano, MD’s cogent history of Lyme: East Hampton, Long Island NY had the highest rate of Lyme in the world. 1965 internist Sidney Robin coined the term “Montauk Knee”.

1985   87 seronegative patients all had spirochetes produced using Alan McDonald’s culture technique. “Seronegativity is real”

@7:00  re: PTLDS – “There’s never, ever, ever been a description of this Post Lyme Syndrome from an immunological point of view that clarifies what it is and applies to every single patient”.


@9.35 Patient Evaluation: “I took advantage of Dr. McDonald’s culture… after treatment ended, if you waited a few weeks, they [patients] were all culture positive. It was failed treatment and a persistence of the infection.”

@12.45  Late 1980’s “Rocephin came onto the scene… 100% failure rate of 2 weeks of Rocephin, even at high dose… Duration of treatment is really, really what’s important.” Findings presented @ 1990 Stockholm International Conference.

@13.50  633 patient records reviewed indicated at least 4 months treatment for those “with multiple bites, Lyme arthritis, heart murmurs, hormonally active women, those sick for more than 1 year, age over 60, acute carditis, documented immune deficiency, failed oral treatment.”

@26.50 Discovered on lecture circuit Dr. Ed Masters from MO, John Druhl, NJ & Paul Levy, San Francisco all independently concluded higher doses and longer treatment necessary. They’d never met or communicated previously.

1990 NIH Gold Stain – 73 chronic patients, 13.5 months mean treatments. Discovered blebs and biofilms.

@31.19 “So, whatever happened to this great gold stain? Know what? Nothing. NIH stopped the funding… closed the whole thing down and never again did they ask front line Lyme doctors to contribute specimens to their studies. So, there’s some politics one more time.”

@32.58 Co infections seem to affect only chronic Lyme patients.

@34.19 Lyme is the thing that takes over the immune system, weakens our defenses….

@36.52 Lyme is an immune suppressive illness….

@38.25 McDonald presented cultures at “… a meeting of NYS Medical Society… detractors were people from Yale and Stony Brook who didn’t want their patented serologic tests to be usurped, and they started claiming that McDonald was falsifying his data and so forth.”

Examining Bartonella With Dr. Burrascano


Examining Bartonella With Dr. Burrascano

Nov. 1, 2022

Go here for time signatures with topic headings.

For more:

Swamp Boy: A Teen With Bartonella  Go here for the comic By Kris Newby

Illustrated by Mado Peña. Additional editing by Joshua Davis and Gina Mei.
Co-published in partnership with Epic Magazine.

In 2015, the day before Halloween, a mild-mannered teenage boy suddenly became delusional. He informed his parents that a demonic voice had begun speaking to him. Over the next weeks, his psychosis deepened: He believed he had transformed into his favorite comic book character, the Swamp Thing. And he was convinced that a family cat was possessed and was telepathically instructing him to murder his own brother.

The family panicked. What the hell happened to their sweet boy? Doctors pronounced that the teen had sudden-onset schizophrenia and he was repeatedly sent to a psychiatric ward. “Schizophrenia from one day to the next?” his parents wondered, dumbfounded. The specialists had few answers, so the parents began an 18-month journey to solve the mystery on their own.

This harrowing medical mystery was published in collaboration with NowThis and illustrated by comic artist Mado Peña, who brought the teenage boy’s hallucinations to life.



This comic is based on the true story of a 14 year teenager with Bartonella which highlights how this common illness can manifest psychiatrically.  It really is a “must read” and should be given to anyone who doesn’t believe how devastating it can be.  Although it’s presented in comic-strip formatting, the material is as serious as a heart attack.

To learn more about Bartonella history, diagnosis, and treatments, watch the medical education courses on Invisible International’s Montecalvo Tick-borne Disease Education Platform.

For more:

RMSF Masquerading as Gastroenteritis

Rickettsia – Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Masquerading as Gastroenteritis

By R.E.D. Laboratories

The recent article by Braun et al. explains the importance of test for Ricketissa tick-borne infection. This infection can hide numerous symptoms like fever, rash, gastrointestinal symptoms such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

The article: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Masquerading as Gastroenteritis: A Common but Overlooked Clinical Presentation, shows a case of a 20-year-old male presented to the emergency department with many alarming symptoms.

It is important to test for Rickettsia in order to help identifying infection rapidly as well as avoid expensive workups and invasive procedures which may delay the needed treatment.

To ensure the detection of Rickettsia infections, R.E.D. Laboratories propose the new Phage Rickettsia test which can uncover a broad range of Rickettsias: Rickettsia japonica (multiple strains); Rickettsia heilongjiangensis (multiple strains); Rickettsia parkeri (multiple strains); Rickettsia raoultii (multiple strains); Rickettsia rickettsia (multiple strains); Rickettsia slovaca (multiple strains); Rickettsia montanensis; Rickettsia peacocki; Rickettsia africae; Rickettsia conorii.

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