Archive for the ‘Transmission’ Category

New Study: COVID Was Already Here in 2019 & Getting COVID Protects You For Years  10 Min Video here


A new study is raising serious questions about the #Covid19 timeline. Antibodies of the virus in asymptomatic participants may go back even further than we initially thought. Find out how far back, and why this may change everything we think we know about the Coronavirus.

Study here:

Unexpected detection of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the prepandemic period in Italy

First Published November 11, 2020 Research Article Find in PubMed

There are no robust data on the real onset of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and spread in the prepandemic period worldwide. We investigated the presence of SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain (RBD)–specific antibodies in blood samples of 959 asymptomatic individuals enrolled in a prospective lung cancer screening trial between September 2019 and March 2020 to track the date of onset, frequency, and temporal and geographic variations across the Italian regions. SARS-CoV-2 RBD-specific antibodies were detected in 111 of 959 (11.6%) individuals, starting from September 2019 (14%), with a cluster of positive cases (>30%) in the second week of February 2020 and the highest number (53.2%) in Lombardy.

This study shows an unexpected very early circulation of SARS-CoV-2 among asymptomatic individuals in Italy several months before the first patient was identified, and clarifies the onset and spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Finding SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in asymptomatic people before the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy may reshape the history of pandemic.



If 11% had COVID-19 antibodies as far back as September 2019, we know it was here before then. We should also be testing blood banks in the U.S. so the public understands this.  This should change everything.  

But the mainstream media is still only reporting fear and fake numbers.

Food for thought:  Madison, Wisconsin is home to research facilities where researchers from all over the globe, travel all over the world.  Students and researchers from other countries are in and out, and in again.  How likely is it that COVID was here much sooner than we are being told as people were freely moving about?  I suspect highly likely and might explain the strange virus my entire family experienced that had us flat on our backs in January – way before any mask mandates or lockdowns.

I posted on this before, but please read:–but-it-exposes-the-threat-of-a-biowarfare-arms-race/   Excerpt

In that same year, 2012, a similar study by Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin was published in Nature:

Highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza A viruses occasionally infect humans, but currently do not transmit efficiently among humans. … Here we assess the molecular changes … that would allow a virus … to be transmissible among mammals. We identified a … virus … with four mutations and the remaining seven gene segments from a 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus — that was capable of droplet transmission in a ferret model. 

They’ve been doing viral research in Madison forever.  While Madison is home to a BSL-3 facility, there are plenty of BSL-4 facilities in the U.S. working on viruses and other toxic agents.
According to CDC and WHO guidelines, 
“Biosafety Level 3 is applicable to laboratories where work with indigenous or exotic agents may cause serious disease because of exposure by inhalation route. Laboratory personnel require specific training for handling such agents, and are supervised by competent scientists who are experienced in working with these agents.” 
My point is that there was plenty of opportunity for many, many people in the U.S. to be exposed to COVID-19 way before the first outbreak in Wuhan in November, 2019.  Historically, people are weaker and more susceptible to flu-like illnesses in the winter so we probably didn’t visually see much until November, but that doesn’t mean it wasn’t circulating in the population.  
I posted this before, but it deserves repeating:  


Recent data from scientists at the Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research suggests those who have had COVID-19 may be immune for years. Del & Jeffery Jaxen breakdown the science and show why herd immunity may be an effective tool to end the pandemic.


These findings should alleviate fears and end draconian measures.

For more:

lymphocytes from 20–50% of unexposed donors display significant reactivity to SARS-CoV-2 antigen peptide pools1,2,3,4.

In conclusion, it is now established that SARS-CoV-2 pre-existing immune reactivity exists to some degree in the general population.  Excerpt:

  1. Firstly, it was wrong to claim that this virus was novel.
  2. Secondly, It was even more wrong to claim that the population would not already have some immunity against this virus.
  3. Thirdly, it was the crowning of stupidity to claim that someone could have Covid-19 without any symptoms at all or even to pass the disease along without showing any symptoms whatsoever.  Posted back in July!

Moose Ticks Are Dining on Local Deer

Moose ticks are dining on local deer

Back-breaking work begins after succeeding in hunt
By Mark Blazis
Tufts University infectious disease authority Dr. Sam Telford collects a vial of engorged moose ticks from a local white-tailed deer.Tufts University Infectious disease authority Dr. Sam Telford Collects a vial of engorged moose ticks from a local white-tailed deer.Photo/Mark Blazis

Any time you shoot a deer that’s heavier than you are is worthy of celebration. So I was ecstatic when I dropped a big buck with my arrow last Monday evening. Few events are more exciting than finally getting a deer you’ve worked hard for. But once he’s down, the reality of potentially backbreaking work just begins.  (See link for article)




Besides the ubiquitous moose ticks — also called winter ticks — there were many lice, louse flies and only male deer ticks, which are of no value to Sam’s research. “The female deer ticks must have already engorged and dropped off,” Sam concluded disappointingly.

This article mentions a very practical tip: spraying the area under dead bucks with permethrin or other acaricide right away to kill any females that drop off that could lay 2,000-3,000 eggs infesting your yard.
Hanging deer in the backyard can unintentionally spread ticks and disease.

Laying the ground with an insecticide-sprayed tarp is the answer to this.

Telford states that moose ticks in Northern New England suck the blood of 1st year moose enough to cause over half of them to die every winter. He states they don’t prefer human blood but the native Americans had an expression for them that translates, “bite like fire,” so they evidently DO bite humans!

Moose ticks also typically spend their entire life on one host.

The article states there were abundant, wingless louse flies or keds – which unfortunately Telford did not collect. The female releases her young on the forest floor where they attach to bedded deer, which they feed on almost exclusively.  Again, the article states they don’t care for humans but they CAN carry bacteria and their potential disease threat remains unclear.

Yet, the following articles show THEY DO TRANSMIT TO HUMANS:

It’s truly unfortunate that transmission studies remain in infancy.  The one all the researchers refer to has an inch of dust on it.

Mechanisms Affecting the Acquisition, Persistence & Transmission of Francisella Turlarensis in Ticks

Mechanisms Affecting the Acquisition, Persistence and Transmission of Francisella tularensis in Ticks

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH 43614, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(11), 1639;
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 21 October 2020 / Published: 23 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology of Tularemia and Francisella tularensis)


Over 600,000 vector-borne disease cases were reported in the United States (U.S.) in the past 13 years, of which more than three-quarters were tick-borne diseases. Although Lyme disease accounts for the majority of tick-borne disease cases in the U.S., tularemia cases have been increasing over the past decade, with >220 cases reported yearly. However, when comparing Borrelia burgdorferi (causative agent of Lyme disease) and Francisella tularensis (causative agent of tularemia), the low infectious dose (<10 bacteria), high morbidity and mortality rates, and potential transmission of tularemia by multiple tick vectors have raised national concerns about future tularemia outbreaks. Despite these concerns, little is known about how F. tularensis is acquired by, persists in, or is transmitted by ticks. Moreover, the role of one or more tick vectors in transmitting F. tularensis to humans remains a major question. Finally, virtually no studies have examined how F. tularensis adapts to life in the tick (vs. the mammalian host), how tick endosymbionts affect F. tularensis infections, or whether other factors (e.g., tick immunity) impact the ability of F. tularensis to infect ticks. This review will assess our current understanding of each of these issues and will offer a framework for future studies, which could help us better understand tularemia and other tick-borne diseases.
About half of US tularemia cases are associated with tick bite, and annual cases are slowly increasing. 

Tularemia, in aerosol form, is considered a possible bioterrorist agent that if inhaled would cause severe respiratory illness. It was studied in Japan through 1945, the USA through the 60’s, and Russia is believed to have strains resistant to antibiotics and vaccines. An aerosol release in a high population would result in febrile illness in 3-5 days followed by pleuropneumonitis and systemic infection with illness persisting for weeks with relapses. The WHO estimates that an aerosol dispersal of 50 kg of F. tularensis over an area with 5 million people would result in 25,000 incapacitating casualties including 19,000 deaths.

Transmission of Bartonella Within Rhipicephalus Sanguineus: Data on Potential Vector Role of the Tick

  • Bartonella henselae

The article also mentions that Rhipicephalus sanguineus, aka, the brown dog tick, kennel tick or pan tropical tick, (found worldwide) may also transmit Bartonella as it carries it. Further studies are needed to prove vector competence:

For more:

Bartonella: How to Protect Yourself From This Stealthy Intruder

Bartonella: How to Protect Yourself From This Stealthy Intruder

Jill C. Carnahan, MD

Founder, Medical Director, Flatiron Functional Medicine

A walk through the woods. Playing with your cat. Getting a spider bite. These things might all seem unrelated, but they have one important thing in common – they can all potentially expose you to a sneaky and possibly dangerous bacteria known as Bartonella. 

This stealthy intruder can be dangerous and is notoriously hard to treat. Today we’re going to dive into exactly what Bartonella is. And most importantly we’re going to cover practical and simple ways you can protect yourself from this foreign invader. 

What Is Bartonella?

Bartonella is a type of bacteria that infects your cells – causing a condition known as bartonellosis. It’s estimated that there are over 20 different strains of Bartonella, and that at least 14 of them have the ability to be transmitted to humans.1 Once contracted, Bartonella makes itself at home, particularly in the cells that line your blood vessels and within your red blood cells.

What makes Bartonella unique is its ability to evade your immune system’s defenses. You see, Bartonella has a stealthy infection strategy that goes something like this:2

  1. Adhesion: Once contracted, Bartonella adheres to your red blood cells.
  2. Deformation: After attaching to your red blood cells, Bartonella gets to work on deforming the surface of your cells by creating progressive indentations and invaginations.
  3. Invasion: As the integrity of the surface of your red blood weakens, Bartonella begins its invasion – essentially hijacking your red blood cells.
  4. Persistence: Once your red blood cells are hijacked, Bartonella is able to evade your body’s defenses – allowing this bacteria to thrive and replicate undetected by your immune system.
  5. Suppression: Protected by the camouflage of your red blood cells, Bartonella is able to manipulate your immune system – triggering the secretion of certain chemical messengers that suppress and dampen your immune response.

Bartonella’s deceptive and stealthy infection strategy makes this pathogen particularly skilled at not only persisting and hiding within its host’s body – but it also creates ideal conditions for transmission. Let’s dive into exactly how this deceptive microorganism is transmitted and contracted.

How Do You Contract Bartonella?

Bartonella can be carried by most mammals, including domestic animals like cats, dogs, horses, and cattle. Typically, if you’re exposed to Bartonella, it’s through transmission from an animal. This can occur if you’re scratched by a cat or bitten by a dog. But it’s most often spread through a number of insect vectors such as:3

  • Ticks
  • Fleas
  • Lice
  • Sandflies
  • Red ants
  • Spiders
  • Bed bugs

These blood-sucking insects are the perfect vehicle for Bartonella to spread from host to host. 

What Are the Symptoms of Bartonella?

Bartonella can cause several identifiable conditions such as:4

  • Cat scratch disease
  • Carrion’s disease
  • Trench fever
  • Encephalopathy
  • Pericarditis
  • Chronic bacteremia

But Bartonella can also cause a handful of vague symptoms that are much more difficult to pinpoint, such as:5

Exactly how a Bartonella infection manifests varies substantially depending on the status of your immune system. And what makes this pathogen even trickier, is the fact that it’s often seen as a co-infection with other vector-borne pathogens.

Bartonella as a Co-infection: Its Link to Lyme Disease

The problem with ticks and other insect vectors is that they often harbor multiple infectious organisms. Meaning if you get bitten by a tick or other insect vector, you’re likely to be exposed and potentially infected with more than one organism – such as Bartonella. When multiple pathogens are contracted simultaneously, they’re called co-infections.

In particular, Bartonella has been identified as a co-infection to Lyme disease, the most common tick-borne disease. A co-infection with Bartonella has been found to significantly exacerbate symptoms associated with Lyme disease and can make diagnosis and treatment challenging. 

So let’s take a look at exactly how Bartonella can be addressed and if treatment can eliminate this persistent pathogen.

Is Bartonella Curable?

Because Bartonella is so good at being deceptive and camouflaging itself among your own cells, curing Bartonella requires a multi-faceted approach. So far, our best efforts at eradicating a Bartonella infection involves:6

  • A combination of prescription and herbal antimicrobials that kill off not only actively replicating forms of Bartonella, but also target “persisters” that have set up camp within your cells. These persisters aren’t actively replicating, but are hiding out in your cells and have the potential to replicate later on. 
  • Herbal and/or prescription medications that can break down the protective barrier some bacteria and viruses create, known as a biofilm
  • Supplements to decrease inflammation and support a healthy balance of cytokines and other chemical messengers that modulate your immune response.
  • Steps to boost and support your entire immune system.

Oftentimes treatment can take anywhere from 4-6 months or longer to improve the symptoms of Bartonella. Because Bartonella and other tick-borne illnesses can be difficult and time-consuming to treat, it’s imperative to take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones. 

So, How Can I Protect Myself Against Bartonella and Other Tick-Borne Diseases?

The best way to protect yourself against Bartonella and other tick-borne diseases is to take a two-pronged approach. Firstly, you’ll want to take precautions to prevent and avoid tick and insect bites. And secondly, you’ll want to bolster your natural defenses by ensuring your immune system is firing on all cylinders. Here are the steps I recommend taking: 

Protect Yourself From Tick and Insect Bites

If you’re going somewhere that may put you at risk of insect bites, take steps to protect yourself in the following ways:7

  • Stay on trails and avoid walking in tall grass or through the woods where you’re likely to come into contact with ticks and insects
  • Wear long pants and closed shoes
  • Use insect repellent
  • Wear lightly-colored clothes so you can more easily spot ticks or other insects on you
  • Inspect your clothes and hair and immediately remove any ticks or other insects

But the truth is it’s impossible to entirely avoid the possibility of being bitten by an insect vector that could potentially be carrying Bartonella or other infectious microorganisms. So it’s important to take these precautions in conjunction with the next step – boosting your immune system.

Give Your Immune System a Boost

Your immune system is your most powerful weapon against any and all potentially harmful microorganisms. And the good news is, you have a lot of control over how well your immune system functions. Some of the easiest and most effective ways to support your immune system are:

  • Eat an anti-inflammatory diet: The food you eat either promotes inflammation or fights inflammation. Basing your diet around anti-inflammatory foods minimizes inflammation – that way your immune system can direct all of its energy and resources at any potential threats. The basis of an anti-inflammatory diet is simply building most of your meals around real, whole foods and limiting processed foods. 
  • Take immune-boosting supplements: Supplements are a potent way to get a concentrated dose of immune-boosting nutrients and to fill in any nutritional gaps in your diet. Supplements like Gut Immune, Immune Booster, and Vitamin C help supercharge your immune system. If you want to learn more about how certain supplements boost your immunity, head over, and read my article covering the best immune-boosting supplements.   
  • Decrease your toxic burden: Our never-ending and ever-increasing exposure to environmental toxins can put a serious damper on your immune system. If toxins begin to accumulate in your body, it can overload your body’s detoxification mechanisms and essentially burn out your immune system. To learn exactly how you can begin decreasing your toxic burden and boost your immune system, check out my article How to Boost Your Immune System by Reducing Your Toxic Burden
  • Show your gut some love: The health of your gut and the status of your immune system are directly and intricately linked. If your gut is unhealthy, you’re guaranteed to have a weakened immune system. So taking steps to keep your gut healthy and happy is another surefire way to improve your immune system. To learn more about how your gut health impacts your immune system, you can read my article How to Heal Your Gut for a Stronger Immune System.

Your immune system truly is your best defense against any and all potentially harmful pathogens. Prioritizing the health of your immune system is hands-down one of the best things you can do for your overall health.

You Are Your Own Best Advocate

Bartonella is stealthy and deceptive – making it a particularly persistent and challenging infection to address. And the complications from this bacteria can be damaging and life-altering. So protecting yourself from this tricky microbe is crucial. 

And when it comes to protecting yourself from Bartonella, and other pathogens, you are your own best advocate. Following the steps outlined in this article is the best way to keep yourself safe and bolster your defenses. I always say that when it comes to your health, you are in the driver’s seat – and knowledge is your most powerful tool.

That’s why I’m dedicated to delivering the best and most up-to-date research to my patients and readers. If you want to access more empowering information about your health, my blogis chock-full of articles and resources. And if you want to take it even deeper, I encourage you to sign up for my newsletter. You’ll get all my best advice and resources delivered directly to your inbox. All you have to do is enter your name and email in the form below.


While mainstream entomologists often deny or downplay tick and insect/arachnid transmission of Bartonella:  
Considering the severity of Bartonella, I’ve never understood why ‘authorities’ do not err on the side of caution regarding transmission of Bartonella by all insects and arachnids that feed on blood.  In my opinion, anything that feeds on blood should be suspect until proven otherwise.
Regarding persistence, Dr. Ericson has shown Bartonella to survive in tissues where a PIC line was removed:
And mainstream medicine completely ignores the severe psychiatric manifestations that Bartonella can cause: