Pollutants in Human Plasma Found via Double-Filtration Plasmapheresis Plasma Exchange

Studies in toxicology usually study urine, feces, and other secretions and measure indirectly. Dr. Gatti, whose lab was raided for reporting detection of nanoparticles in vaccines, has a new study.

Does everyone remember Drs. Gatti and Montanari?  We flew them in from Italy in 2017 to the IPAK Vaccine Safety Conference in Pittsburgh, PA? Probably not.

To help you remember:


Earlier this year, Dr. Gatti let me know they are back up and running.

The new study is of pollutants and toxins found in the extract of eluate from double-filtration plasmapheresis plasma exchange.

The new study, by Dr. Gatti and Dr. Felix Scholkmann, is entitled:

Particles in the Eluate from Double Filtration Plasmapheresis—A Case Study Using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (FE-SEM/EDX)

By using plasmapheresis, they found

“aflatoxin B1, chromium, lead, cadmium, arsenic, lindane, cobalt, polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons, disulfoton and aluminium (listed in descending concentration).”

They also found unknown thread-like objects.

Makes me wonder if we should all detox this way once a year?

Dr. Gatti, congratulations on your new study and on surviving the attack on your lab by Italian authorities.

It should be possible to estimate the blood and body levels of compounds to which we are exposed, say, before and after vaccination.


Scholkmann, Felix, and Antonietta M. Gatti. 2022. “Particles in the Eluate from Double Filtration Plasmapheresis—A Case Study Using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (FE-SEM/EDX)” Compounds 2, no. 4: 367-377.



Plasmapheresis or plasma exchange, around since the 50’s, has been used to treat autoimmune conditions, blood disorders, viral infections, chronic inflammation, pulmonary fibrosis, MS, Graves’ disease, Myasthenia gravis, transverse myelitis, HIV-related neuropathy, cancer, and even Lyme/MSIDS. Plasma is extracted from your blood, treated, and then put back into the body.

The limitation of this study is it was on a singular patient who had been treated for the following chronic infections: 

  • Borrelia afzelii
  • Borrelia burgdorferi (CH)
  • Borrelia burgdorferi (USA)
  • Borrelia garinii
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae
  • Babesia divergens
  • Bartonella henselae
  • Rickettsia Helvetica
  • Rickettsia conorii
  • Rickettsia helvetica

The thread-like object in Figure 4d, however, has a similar morphology and size as a thread-like parasitic nematode (roundworm) of the superfamiliy Filarioridea. Ticks can be also infected with these filarial nematodes [59,60].


The pollution of nano- and microparticles is an emerging health concern [32,61] and novel ways of quantifying the individual exposure as well as methods to remove these particles from the body are of imminent interest for preventing and treating human diseases. DFPP, possibly in combination with the application of chelating agents, might be a powerful way to remove these nano- and microparticles from the body. The analysis of the eluate with FE-SEM/EDX seems be a useful approach to proof this possibility.
In summary, our analysis of the eluate obtained from a DFPP application revealed particles and objects in the nm and µm range of different shape and chemical composition. Our study is the first to date to investigate the composition of an eluate obtained by DFPP with FE-SEM/EDX.
IMO, while plasmapheresis might certainly help Lyme/MSIDS, the organism(s) often don’t remain in the blood for long but migrate to immunopriviledged sites like the brain, synovial fluid, spine, and organs.  This is the problem with all treatments, and testing which rely on delivery via blood, and perfectly illustrates why the current CDC monotherapy is an absolute joke.  Further, it doesn’t take into account the relapsing nature of these pathogens which change forms in the body.  Savvy treatment purposely cycles antimicrobials which helps address these complex issues, which mainstream medicine/research is completely oblivious about.
This clearly illustrates why we should not give another dime to corrupt public health/research because insanity is doing the same thing over and over but expecting different results.
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