FREQUENCY OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI WESTERN BLOT AND LTT POSITIVITY AMONG MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS PATIENTS FROM TURKEY
Barbaros Çetin* Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Izmir, Turkey.
Article Received on 29/01/2019 Article Revised on 19/02/2019 Article Accepted on 12/03/2019
In Turkey, Borrelia burgdorferi infections are not well known among physicians and almost completely overlooked. On the other hand, a small number of seropositivity studies (%3.3-%73) show that Borrelia burgdorferi is common in Turkey. There is no diagnostic biological marker in multiple sclerosis (MS). Only several clinical criteria used for diagnosis. These criteria are also compatible with other diseases. Lyme disease is currently among them. In the chronic phase of Lyme, demyelination can form and this can be confused with MS.
In this study 126 patients, between ages 17 and 66, with a definite diagnosis of multiple sclerosis was evaluated, and were found according to be found positive Borrelia burgdorferi western blot and LTT test results 108 (%85.72). Only 18 (%14.28) patients have negative test results.
The results show that LYME disease is very common in Turkey and LYME patients with neurological symptoms are misdiagnosed with multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis affects at least 2.8 million people worldwide.
Worldwide, MS prevalence parallels the distribution of the Lyme disease pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi, and in America and Europe, the birth excesses of those individuals, who later in life develop MS exactly mirror the seasonal distributions of Borrelia transmitting Ixodes ticks.
According to the one of the most effective scientific papers, written by 4 Norwegian scientists, 10 of 10 MS patients were found to have a cyst form of the Borrelia spirochete bacteria. No bacteria were found in a control group. The cysts turned into spirochetal bacteria when cultured. The studies conclude that all ten MS patients have been infected with a spirochete. Concludes that MS could very well be a chronic infection.
Since 1911, more than the past one hundred years, several older but also recent autopsy findings linked to in many articles found that all deceased MS patients’ brains harbored living lyme spirochetes. Even when tests, notorious for their large percentage of false negatives were used on living MS patients, staggeringly many tested positive for active Lyme borreliosis.
“Spirochetes in MS” (Buzzard, E.F.), Published in the famous Lancet magazine in 1911, revealed the presence of Lyme spirochetes in the brains of MS patients. Over a period of more than a century, more than 50 international scientific papers proving the MS-Lyme relationship have been published in prestigious medical journals.[16-111] If you follow the European Medical Literature concerning Multiple Sclerosis from 1911 to 1939, you may find that in France, Germany and England, there were independent researchers all observing similar things and coming to similar conclusions:
- Spirochetes are often found in conjunction with the lesions in the brains of patients who have died with MS.
- These spirochetes can be isolated and can infect many mammalian animal models; including: mice, rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits, dogs, and primates.
- The spirochetes could be re-isolated from the brains of the infected animals and be inoculated into more un-infected animals and re-isolated from their brains.
- Multiple sclerosis may often be associated with Borrelia infection.
- Points out that a considerable body of clinical evidence supports the concept that cystic L-forms of Borrelia burgdorferi may cause MS.