Brave New Worlds: The Expanding Universe of Lyme Disease

Stone Brandee L., Tourand Yvonne, and Brissette Catherine A.. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. July 2017, ahead of print.

Online Ahead of Print: July 20, 2017


Projections around the globe suggest an increase in tick-vectored disease incidence and distribution, and the potential for emergence of novel tick-borne pathogens. Lyme disease is the most common reported tick-borne illness in the Unites States and is prevalent throughout much of central Europe. In recent years, the worldwide burden of Lyme disease has increased and extended into regions and countries where the disease was not previously reported. In this review, we discuss the trends for increasing Lyme disease, and examine the factors driving Lyme disease expansion, including the effect of climate change on the spread of vector Ixodid ticks and reservoir hosts; and the impacts of increased awareness on disease reporting and diagnosis. To understand the growing threat of Lyme disease, we need to study the interplay between vector, reservoir, and pathogen. In addition, we need to understand the contributions of climate conditions to changes in disease risk.


Once again we see the emphasis of climate change despite recent reports of fraudulent data used to support this assertion.  For more, please see:

We can all agree that ticks are expanding and infecting people and animals; however, you only have to listen to Lyme advocates and patients for about one minute before you realize that there have been infected people across the United States for a very long time.

Problem is, nobody believed them.  Thousands of patients for years have been complaining that Lyme/MSIDS is in their geographical area but experts look at out of date and out of touch vector maps which medical practitioners then use against patients.  They will not even entertain the thought if goes contrary to the map.

We can be thankful that people are not taking this sitting down any longer and are pushing until it finally gets reported: