Neurological Pain, Psychological Symptoms, and Diagnostic Struggles among Patients with Tick-Borne Diseases
- Out of the fifteen neuropsychiatric symptoms reported in the medical literature for common TBDs, headaches and fatigue and/or malaise are the only two symptoms fully recognized by public health officials.
- Lyme disease is the least recognized by public health officials for presenting with neuropsychiatric symptoms
- Only headaches and fatigue are recognized as overlapping symptoms of Lyme disease
- Comparisons from a patient symptoms survey indicate that self-reports of TBDs and the associated symptoms align with medical and case reports.
- panic attacks
- pain—ranging from headaches to neck stiffness and arthritis—are common among patients who report a TBD diagnosis.
Given the multitude of non-specific patient symptoms, and the number and range of neuropsychiatric presentations that do not align with public health guidance, this study indicates the need for a revised approach to TBD diagnosis and for improved communication from official public health sources regarding the wide range of associated symptoms. View Full-Text