2019 Jan;85(1):21-31. doi: 10.1002/ana.25389.

Lyme Neuroborreliosis: Clinical Outcomes, Controversy, Pathogenesis, and Polymicrobial Infections.


Lyme borreliosis is the object of numerous misconceptions. In this review, we revisit the fundamental manifestations of neuroborreliosis (meningitis, cranial neuritis, and radiculoneuritis), as these have withstood the test of time. We also discuss other manifestations that are less frequent. Stroke, as a manifestation of Lyme neuroborreliosis, is considered in the context of other infections. The summary of the literature regarding clinical outcomes of neuroborreliosis leads to its controversies. We also include new information on pathogenesis and on the polymicrobial nature of tick-borne diseases. In this way, we update the review that we wrote in this journal in 1995. ANN NEUROL 2019;85:21-31.



The reason the “summary of the literature” has led to controversies is those studies were nearly all done by “The Cabal” whom have patents on the organism itself, test kits, and vaccines:, and ConflictReport

As long as researchers continue to utilize ancient, flawed research done by those with conflicts of interest, we will continue to go no where.

I am encouraged that they admit the controversy as well as the polymicrobial nature of Lyme (more than one pathogen). This admission is more than many researchers make.  Also, please note the serious manifestations of neuroborreliosis: meningitis, cranial neuritis, radiculoneuritis, and stroke.

Please, researchers, do your own work and keep an open mind.




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